African-American Bibliography

Reference Department,

Southwest Collection/Special Collections Library

Telephone: (806) 742-9070

Email: randy.vance@ttu.edu


African-Americans have been present on the Texas plains since 1530, almost two centuries before English settlers landed at Plymouth Rock. The region was largely secured for settlement by the sacrifices of black “buffalo soldiers” of the U.S. 9th, 10th, 27th and 28th Cavalry as well as the 24th & 25th Infantry regiments, plus the Seminole-Negro Indian scout detachments who helped subdue the Apache. There were black cowboys, sutlers, freighters and farm families from the beginning of “civilization” in the area.

SWC/SCL has limited holdings of material related to these and other contributions of African-Americans:

Books

Hundreds of books and journal articles in our collections address the various topics of Black History in the South and Southwest. For holdings, search the University Library on-line Catalog.

 

Manuscript Collections

The SWC/SCL contains more than two-dozen manuscript collections that refer to African-Americans from slavery through citizenship. A list is found below.

 

Oral Histories

In our files are approximately 130 professionally conducted oral history interviews (average one hour) with African-American material, the bulk dating between 1969 and 1982. (Two date to 1958; twenty-six come from the 1990s.) Most are with white interviewees. Topics range widely to include education, work life, farming and domestic work, school desegregation, legal action, lynching and Ku Klux Klan activity, politics, professional sports, religion and military service.

 

Photograph Collections

Photographs of African-Americans appear in at least fourteen SWC/SCL collections, plus the Museum Collection, University Daily Collection and the University Archive. See below.

 

Reference Files

Vertical files of newspaper clippings, magazine articles and other information are available in the Holden Reading Room of SWC/SCL. A partial list of African-ASmerican topics and biographical subjects is contained in this document.

 

Newspapers

In addition to the general run of regional newspapers on microfilm, SWC/SCL maintains a virtually complete set of issues of the West Texas Digest, published since September 1977 by Eddie Richardson and T. J. Patterson to inform the world about the African-American community of Lubbock, Texas, and the surrounding region. Inquire at the Reference Desk about the partial index begun by our library staff.

 

Manuscript Collections

Other material may exist in Civil War correspondence; and material relating to “buffalo soldiers,” may be found in the collections of Benjamin Henry Grierson, George Gibson Hunt, Robert E. Nail Foundation, Bess Earline Pratt Nasworthy, Carl Coke Rister, William Rufus Shafter, Ernest Wallace, and Austin Wiswall.

Arthur, Lane and Nancy Papers, 1913-1984 and undated 4 boxes (4 linear feet)

The papers contain hand written notes, transcripts of proceedings, news clippings, affidavits, correspondence, voter registration and census information, and subpoenas dealing mostly with the Single Member District Discrimination Suit in Lubbock, Texas. Also includes files on campaign contributions. For futher details click here: Arthur. The Discrimination affected the way minorities were represented in the city and county government of Lubbock based on population growth in certain precincts. Lane and Nancy Arthur served as attorneys for the plaintiff-intervenors. They were also active in the Lubbock City and County government.

Beck, James B. Papers, 1867-1869 1 microfilm reel (10 ft.): positive

Includes an 1869 pamphlet dealing with U.S. Representative John Beck and reconstruction in Georgia, a speech by C. W. Craddock given in Frankfort, Kentucky concerning African American suffrage and jurists, and the proceedings of the 1867 Democratic State Convention in Kentucky. Beck was a Democratic member of the House of Representatives of Kentucky during Reconstruction.

Benson, Daniel H. Records, 1959-1984 4 microfilm reels : negative

The collection consists of the office files of one of the plaintiff attorneys in Jones v. Lubbock, the Single-Member-District Discrimination Suit that opened they way for minority representation on the City Council of Lubbock, Texas. Daniel H. Benson is a Lubbock, Texas, attorney, and represented the plaintiff in the suit.

Biggers, Don Hampton Papers, 1863-1961 and undated 3 boxes (2.5 linear feet)

The collection is in two parts, with the main papers consisting of correspondence with prominent political figures, personal scrapbooks of news clippings and miscellaneous materials concerning Biggers' career and interests, and several articles and newspapers unavailable elsewhere. Also includes personal correspondence to Nettie, his wife. The second portion includes research notes, correspondence, drafts, galley proofs and page proofs for Seymour V. Connor's A Biggers Chronicle. For details, click: DHBiggers. A journalist, author, and politician, Don Hampton Biggers was born September 27, 1868, in Meridian, Texas, and grew up in a ranching environment. He edited and wrote for several West Texas newspapers, served in the legislature, and was active in land promotion in West Texas and Eastern New Mexico. He authored several books, including History That Will Never Be Repeated (1901), Pictures Of The Past (1902) [both under the pen name Lan Franks], Cattle Range To Cotton Patch (1905), Shackelford County Sketches (1908), and Our Sacred Monkeys (1933). Biggers died at a rest home in Stephenville on December 11, 1957, a month after the death of Nettie.

Brown, Coleman & Runnels Counties, Texas, ca. 1976 1 wallet (01. linear feet)

Item is a manuscript entitled "The Start of a 100 Page Volume on Records of Brown, Coleman and Runnels Counties, Texas: 1855-1880" by Frank Jenkins. Published by The San Angelo Genealogical and Historical Society, Inc., 17 pages. The manuscript shows tax records of county residents indicating number and value of slaves and livestock. Also shows roster of volunteers or minutemen during the time period. Runnels, Coleman, and Brown Counties lie side by side in Central Texas. All counties were created in the late 1850s and organized later.

Carlson, Paul Howard Papers, 1871-1998 and undated 3 boxes (3 linear feet)

Contains research material and hand notes used in Pecos Bill, Carlson's published doctoral dissertation on William R. Shafter, a Civil War commander of black troops and an officer of the Southwest frontier and the Spanish-American War. Includes materials on the Shafter Mine and Presidio Mining Company. In addition there are materials related to Dr. Paul Carlson’s research on Empire Builder and The Plains Indians. Items include photocopied map of Texas designating the Frying Pan Ranch and photocopies of William H. Bush. For details, click: PCarlson. Carlson was awarded his B.A. by Dakota Wesleyan University, M.A. by Mankato State University, and his Ph.D. by Texas Tech University (1973). He taught at Texas Lutheran College (1973-1985) and became a professor of history at Texas Tech in 1985. He is the author of five books including Texas Woolybacks: The Range Sheep and Goat Industry (1982), The Plains Indians (1998), Empire Builder in the Texas Panhandle (1996) and Pecos Bill (1989). He co-authored Lubbock and the South Plains: An Illustrated History (1989). He is the editor of the West Texas Historical Yearbook.

Carr, Waggoner Papers, 1945-1985 94,358 leaves

Includes correspondence, speeches, campaign material, financial and legal material, newsclippings, literary productions, printed material, legislative materials, photographs, slides, and media productions pertaining to the life and political activities of Waggoner Carr. Of note are papers relating to the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and reports discussing the legality of sit-ins and picketing. Notable correspondents include Lyndon B. Johnson, Hubert Humphrey, George Mahon, Sam Rayburn, J. Edgar Hoover, Price Daniel, and Jimmy Durante. The collection bulks (1950-1975) with materials concerning Texas politics, and Carr's career as a politician. For details, click: WCarr. An attorney and politician, Carr was born in 1918 in Fairlee, Hunt County, Texas. He was awarded his B.A. by Texas Technological College (1940) and L.L.B. by the University of Texas Law School (1947). Carr served as Assistant District Attorney in Lubbock, Texas (1948), Lubbock County Attorney (1949-1951), a member of Texas Legislature (1957-1961), Speaker of the House (1957-1959), and as Attorney General of Texas (1963-1967).

Chatman, J. A. (Joseph Alvin) Papers, 1911-1966 & undated 3 boxes (2.3 linear ft)

Includes correspondence, financial, legal, printed and scrapbook material, photographs, and literary productions concerning Dr. J. A. Chatman's activities as a physician in Lubbock, Texas. The collection bulks (1911-1962) with materials on the Lone Star State Medical, Dental, and Pharmaceutical Association, which includes biographies of Afro-American doctors in Texas (1941-1962). For details, click: JAChatman. A physician and civic leader, Joseph Alvin Chatman was born in 1901 in Navasota, Texas. He received his M.D. from Meharry Medical College in 1926 and practiced in Mexia, Teague, Groesbeck, and Wortham,. In 1935, he opened Chatman Hospital for Negroes in Mexia, Texas, and, in 1939, moved to Lubbock, Texas, and opened the Chatman Hospital and Clinic (1945) and Jolyne Nursing Home (1952). He was active in the Lone Star State Medical, Dental, and Pharmaceutical Association, and the Southeast Lubbock Development Corporation. Chatman died in 1967 in Lubbock.

Davis Family Collection, 1837-1865 1 wallet (0.1 linear feet)

Collection of legal and financial documents such as promissory notes, receipts, Civil War furlough papers, agreements, and tax receipts of Thomas and Eli P. Davis. Topics deal with the use of a slave for the Labor Bureau in Hopkins County, Confederate documents of a soldier in Bonham, Texas, and money borrowed. Thomas Davis was the great great-grandfather and Eli P. Davis was the great grandfather of Billy Joe Davis. Eli P. Davis served as a private with the Confederate States of America.

DeLeon, Arnoldo Papers, 1973-1975 309 leaves

Contains indexes of articles from numerous newspapers concerning Blacks, Indians and Tejanos and some scrapbook materials. DeLeon, a Texas historian, has published numerous articles and books on Texas' Hispanic heritage.

Dietrich, Nancy Love Papers, 1831-1959 15 leaves

The collection includes financial and legal material concerning land and slave sales and land surveys. A Matagorda County, Texas, land and slave owner, ca. 1830-1860, Nancy Love was involved in financial dealings with prominent early settlers, Elijah Decrow and Seth Ingram. She was married to Joseph Dietrich.

Dillon, Merton Lynn Papers, 1960; ca. 1960-1961 3 wallets (0.3 linear feet)

Consists of literary productions, including ribbon copy, galley proof, and page proof of Dillon's book, Elijah P. Lovejoy: Abolitionist Editor (1961). Also includes copies of Dillon's articles on abolitionist John Mason Peck. Historian, author, and former faculty at Texas Tech, Dillon authored several articles and books on the abolitionist movement.

Guy, Charles A Collection, 1850-1985 31 leaves

Consists of scrapbook material. The collection bulks (1985) with newsclippings concerning the death of Charles A. Guy. Of interest is a bill of sale for a slave (1850).

Hampton, John Howard Papers, 1659-1957 and undated 3 boxes and 1 oversized box (4.5 linear feet) Finding aid for digitized elements of this collection

Contains land deeds, inventories, family correspondence, and genealogical histories collected by Hampton’s uncle, Dr. Joseph L. Miller of West Virginia. The materials were collected for a genealogy of the Hampton and Miller families and include records dating to 1659, including transmissions of slaves. For details, click: Hampton. John Howard Hampton was born in Fort Worth on January 17, 1898, and later ranched near Clarksville. He later worked on 6666 Ranch and directed ranch operations near Slaton, Texas and Tucumcari, New Mexico. Hampton was the president of West Texas Museum Association, 1956-1958, and donated extensive Indian and western collections to area museums. Hampton died in 1967 at his Tucumcari ranch.

Howard, William E. Collection, 1814-1892 185 leaves

Collection consists of typed copies of documents about transfers of land and slaves and the lending of money for various purposes. Information on size of lots, prices of land and slaves, legal suits and Texas loyalty oaths is also included. A physician, Howard was born in San Antonio and later lived in Dallas until his death in 1940.

Howsley, William Davis Papers, 1873-1932 1 microfilm reel (50 ft.): negative

Consists of correspondence, farm records, Ku Klux Klan booklets, financial material, and printed and miscellaneous items relating to Howsley's personal and business affairs. Howsley came to Texas as a teamster and cowboy for the Reynolds Brothers and helped form the Ranger Cattle Company with the Reynolds and Matthews families. He married Annette Elizabeth Matthews, and the couple had eight children. In 1907 Howsley opened a hardware store in Throckmorton with his son Louis. He was also instrumental in bringing the Texas and Pacific Railway to Throckmorton.

Johnson, Thomas Papers, 1973-1997 2 microfilm reels

Bulks with microfilmed scrapbooks of legal documents, photographs, and news clippings on prayer and desegregation in the Lubbock Independent School Districts (1977-1995), and a Littlefield school bus and train accident (1973-1997). These are considered Publicity Scrapbooks for court cases in Littlefield, Texas and Lubbock, Texas. Thomas Johnson, originally from Illinois, was a Lubbock attorney since the 1960s. He has been with McWhorter, Cobb, and Johnson law firm for many years.

Johnson, Mrs. Virgil Papers, 1935-1973 1 microfilm reel (75 ft.) : negative

Consists of two scrapbooks containing news clippings and various printed material on the history of the Southwest, primarily West Texas.

Jones, Clifford Bartlett Papers, 1814-1973 & undated 37 boxes (36.5 linear feet)

Includes correspondence, legal material, financial material, photographs, genealogical material and news clippings relating to the business, educational and personal activities of Clifford B. Jones. Of special interest are pamphlets of the White Citizens Council, a segregationist group, and prominent racial irreconcilables including James Eastland and Carleton Putnam. For details, click: CBJones. A businessman, ranch manager and college president, Jones was born in 1885 in Rico, Colorado. He managed the Spur Ranch in Dickens County from 1913-1939. Jones was also instrumental in the establishment of Texas Technological College, served on the original Board of Directors, and was the third president of the college from 1939-1944. Jones died in 1972 in Lubbock, Texas.

Kelley, Louis A. Collection, 1959-2001 1 wallet (0.1 linear feet)

The three disks contain scanned images: one 22" x 26" framed news clipping, one framed Dirk West cartoon, one "Then" and "Now" print of the New Mexico State University Aggies (1959 & 2001), one laminated news clipping, one scrapbook commemorating Kelley's induction, and seventeen photographs. Louis A. Kelley was head football coach at Lubbock's Estacado and Dunbar High Schools. An African-American, he broke barriers as a coach and established an outstanding reputation with his athletes and school administrators. He was inducted into the National Football Foundation and College Hall of Fame.

Kirkpatrick, J. R. Papers, 1909-1937 1 wallet (0.1 linear feet)

Includes the literary production, "Black Cowboy Charley Glass," by Kirkpatrick.

Ku Klux Klan (Amarillo, Texas) Records, 1921-1925 & undated (0.1 linear ft.)

Collection of printed and financial material such as membership rosters, by-laws, funeral services booklet, Klode Kard, and oath of allegiance of the Amarillo area. For details, click: KKK. The Ku Klux Klan is a white separatist organization in America that rose from the ashes of the post Civil War to spread their hatred towards minorities. At one time they were a highly active group with a membership over the thousands. They have declined in numbers but still practice throughout the United States.

Lovejoy, Elijah Parish Papers, 1804-1891 and undated 4 boxes

Elijah Parish Lovejoy, born in 1802 near Albion, Maine, was a preacher, editor, and abolitionist. He studied theology at Princeton Theological Seminary in 1832, and preached in St. Louis. He was editor of the Observer, a reform newspaper. In 1835 he moved to Alton, Illinois, and established a newspaper that met with opposition in the town. Three of his presses were destroyed by mobs, and Lovejoy died in 1837 while defending a fourth press. The collection includes correspondence, sermons, lectures, newspapers, news clippings, and memorabilia created by or related to Lovejoy and his family. The collection bulks with correspondence (1824-1853) and concerns abolition, temperance, religion, and theology. A link to the electronic finding aids is here.

Lubbock Community Planning Council Records, 1954-1965 57 leaves

Consists of reports and printed material on minority neighborhoods, mental health, migrant workers, recreation, and public health services in Lubbock, Texas. This social services council was created in 1954 to assist local service agencies in coordinating their work. The council combined with the Community Chest in 1957, and worked to encourage cooperation and planning between agencies and to help raise funds for them. The Community Chest and the Council were forerunners of the United Way.

Lubbock Community Planning Council Records, 1960-1964 3 wallets (0.3 feet)

Bulks with general files, printed material, and reports concerning the Council in 1960-1964. Of note is the April 1960 “Report of the Negro Section Committee.”

Lubbock Independent School District (Texas) Collection, 1927-1976 1,126 leaves

The collection consists of printed material, and bulks (1953-1962) with school board minutes, school regulations, policy statements, and bond election materials. The school district was formed in 1907, and originally encompassed the town of Lubbock, Texas, and all neighboring areas, covering 10 square miles. The board began discussions with the US Supreme Court ruling in Brown (1954) and set a 1956 policy of “no distinction…by color or race” whose implementation required a series of court orders and control by US District Judge Halbert O. Woodward through 1988.

Nail, Robert E. Foundation Collection, 1860-1968 20 microfilm reels : negative

Contains correspondence, military papers, literary productions, scrapbooks, and photographs of Robert E. Nail. Of special interest is a World War II pamphlet on “Command of Negro Troops” aimed at improving morale among segregated soldiers “about the cause for which they fight and about their personal stake in victory.” Also includes letters, literary productions, and historical files of Etta Soule and the Clarke and Biggs families; general personal papers of other individuals; general business records; records of Shackelford County government; and assorted material on the area's history and the Fort Griffin Fandangle. The Foundation was set up in the late 1960s by dramatist Robert Nail (1908-1968) for the annual production of the Fort Griffin Fandangle and preservation of the Albany area's colorful frontier past. The Foundation has collected countless archival materials and artifacts over the years.

Nash, Robert (Bob) A., 1852-2005 and undated, 2 boxes (2.0 linear feet)

Some files are correspondence plus files by Paul H. Carlson for his book The Buffalo Soldier Tragedy of 1877. Nolan files are copied from the National Archive. For details, click: RANash. Nash, a Lubbock broadcaster, collected on the Buffalo Soldiers. Nolan, born in Ireland, came to America in 1852. He served in the U. S. Army in Texas, Florida, and Kansas. One assignment was as commander of the all-black cavalry divisions, the 9th and 10th. One expedition turned tragic in 1877 when his troops and some buffalo hunters became lost in the Llano Estacado.

Scott, George Papers, 1944-1979 1 microfilm reel (25 ft.): negative

Includes newspaper clippings, correspondence, programs, photographs, and miscellaneous material on Scott and his activities with the NAACP. Bulks with a scrapbook (1944-1979) concerning the life and career of George Scott, Jr. Also includes a typed manuscript of A Bicentennial History of Taft, Oklahoma. Scott was born in 1926, and graduated from Langston University, Langston, Oklahoma, in 1949. He later served as teacher, coach, vice-principal, and principal at Dunbar High School, Lubbock, Texas. In 1969, he was named Assistant Dean of Students at Texas Tech University. He is a member of many civic boards and organizations, and is the president of the NAACP in Lubbock.

Simmons, Mae Papers, 1943-1977 1 microfilm reel (40 ft.): negative

Includes newsclippings, programs, correspondence, photographs, three scrapbooks (1943-1977) about the life and career of Mae Simmons. Simmons was a schoolteacher and administrator in Lubbock, Texas for 29 years. Mae Simmons Community Center and Mae Simmons City Park in Lubbock are named for her. Born in Navarro, Dawson County, Simmons moved to Lubbock in 1939 and then to Las Vegas, Nevada, in 1978.

Stafford, B. S. Unpublished memoir, 1853-1932 20 microfilm reels

Son of a South Carolina slaveholder, Stafford describes plantation life, the slave trade, breaking up of slave families, and a church attended by blacks and whites, with blacks restricted to seating in the gallery.

Texas Home Economics Association Records, 1909-1984 9,406 leaves

Bulks (1913-1984) with printed material, including newsletters and pamphlets. The proceedings volumes contain meeting minutes, membership rolls, officer rolls, committee reports, and the constitution and by-laws. Of special interest are newsletters of the Texas Negro Home Economics Association and committee efforts to help the Black groups. Organized in Houston, Texas, in 1913 by members of several state and area women's organizations. Mamie E. Gearing was the first president. Affiliated with the American Home Economics Association in 1923.

Wiswall, Austin, 1863-1912,170 leaves Finding aid for digitized elements

Correspondence and a diary. Bulks with letters (1863-1864) concerning personal experiences, family matters, and information relating to the Civil War. Some letters describe recruiting, behavior, fighting skills, movements and activities of the 9th US Colored Troops in the Civil War. A civic leader and soldier, Wiswall was born in 1840 in Illinois, nephew of Elijah Parish Lovejoy and Owen Lovejoy. He served as a lieutenant in the 9th United States Colored Troops, 3rd Division, 10th Corps, US Army. Wiswall was captured by Confederate forces in August 1864, and held at Andersonville and Libby prisons until released by exchange.

Wiswall, Harriet, 1863-1865 and undated 1 wallet (0.1 linear feet)

Correspondence from Harriet Wiswall from Vicksburg, Mississippi to her stepmother, Elizabeth Lovejoy. Harriet (1883-1880) was the daughter of Noah Wiswall and his first wife. Elizabeth (1815-1893), Wiswall’s second wife, was the sister of Elijah Lovejoy, the abolitionist editor. An abolitionist herself, Harriet Wiswall served with the Sanitary Commission at Vicksburg, Mississippi, caring for wounded and sick Union Soldiers. Click here for details.

Oral Histories

SWC/SCL developed an early and extensive oral history collection, with professional and scholastic interviewers recording the recollections of early settlers and prominent citizens. Approximately sixty black interviewees have been recorded. Many whites also recorded their impressions of race relations, Ku Klux Klan activity and the like. (Some of the KKK material relates to depredation against other groups, such as German-Americans during World War I.) African-American- and KKK-related interviews (and selected topics) are:

Interviewee and Sample Topics

Minutes

Date

Albus, Leonard (KKK and Germans)

60

29-Jun-1980

Ayers, Ross (Nat'l Guard at Prairie View protests)

60

17-Apr-1973

Mr. & Mrs. Archie Bahm (discrimination at Texas Tech)

55

16-Sep-1976

Behlen, Stinson (KKK and Germans at Slaton)

105

28-Oct-1982

Biggers, C. E. (Don Biggers fight against KKK)

90

16-Aug-1960

Bingham, Clyde (KKK, politics, bootlegging)

120

14-Jan-1981

Blackburn, Gene (3-way segregation in Lubbock)

60

18-Mar-1991

Blassingame, Tom (Black cowboys on JA)

100

20-Sep-1975

Blessing, Mrs. Elizabeth (Dallas parks, biracial meetings, violence)

45

9-Jul-1973

Bott, Ted (race relations at Thurber, KKK)

105

2-Nov-1978

Bott, Ted (race relations at Thurber, KKK)

60

19-Jun-1980

Boyd, Hiley (Black cowboys)

70

19-May-1969

Boyd, John T. (fed judge, discrimination, race crime)

90

21-Sep-1998

Bradshaw, Fred (WWII morale of black troops, Jim Crow in Depression)

300

23-Jun-1998

Breeding, Gerald (integration of San Angelo sports in 1950s)

60

5-Aug-1976

Brewer, J. Mason (noted folklorist)*

50

26-Jun-1929

Brewer, Dr. Mary Louise (black students at Tech)

60

16-Apr-1976

Brightman, T. C. “Tex” (Black cowboy incident)

90

16-May-1968

Brothers, J. O. "Buddy" (segregation at Tulsa)

60

16-Oct-1972

Brown, Sam (animosity for merger of black & white sports official groups)

100

14-Aug-1998

Bruce, Lloyd (KKK)

55

15-Jan-1981

Burns, George Y. (KKK in Ranger)

60

29-Jul-1982

Cannon, Glenn (KKK around Abilene)

60

13-May-1975

Carey, Clay Parks (white girl dresses Negro to serve dinner to guests)

80

16-Jun-1970

Carlson, Paul (description of buffalo soldier archives at SWC/SCL)

20

6-Apr-1974

Carpenter, Farrington (attempted burial of black man on Dawson Ranch)

50

1969

Casey, Marye Kincaid (Negro families at Shallowater)

50

13-Dec-1968

Champion, Frank (KKK politics in Ranger)

50

ND

Chandler, Mrs. Marvin (Lubbock segregation, civil rights marches)

30

19-Mar-1988

Chatman, Harold (Dunbar, AME, medical segregation)*

25

17-Nov-1980

Chavez, Gilbert Robert (KKK rally in Austin)

70

19-May-1999

Chenoweth, Dean (newspaper coverage of KKK)

150

24-Feb-1983

Clayton, Jerry (Black foreman Buck Spencer on Warren ranches c. 1920)

60

21-May-1982

Clement, W. P. (race relations at Tech since 1926)

60

3-Jun-1981

Clewell, Evelyn (Ranger, KKK)

60

15-Apr-1982

Coggins, V. O. (Black Texas Ranger)

25

24-Jan-1976

Cone, Dr. H. E. (fear of Black train conductor, Chatman)

140

16-Jul-1998

Cook, Milton (Dunbar, bias, gangs of 1940s & 50s, Latino as Anglo)*

15

2-Jul-1998

Cox, Wallace (law enforcement and KKK)

60

1-Apr-1982

Cox, Wallace Sr. (KKK and Negro community, Ranger and Haskell)

45

17-Feb-1976

Craddock, Tom (vigilante penalty against Negro)

30

9-Aug-1971

Craft, Juanita J. (Dallas leader, NAACP, bias @ Texas Centennial)*

60

26-Jun-1974

Craven, James (Black community in Lubbock from 1926)*

60

27-Mar-1969

Craven, James (Lubbock 1926, cotton, taxi, Chatman, Loving, bootleg)*

40

7-Feb-1979

Croom, Dr. W. S. (white doctor on Chatman, splitting fees)

110

24-Jul-1997

Dailey, Wallace (Levelland, TX) (Gfather slave, integration)

116

2-Sept-2009

Daniels, Don (Dunbar, band, discipline, PTA)*

15

23-Mar-1999

Davies, A. E. (Black cowboys)

50

10-Dec-1979

Davis, Andrew (E Texas, Dallas, Lubbock, brick-maker, layer)*

45

13-Jul-1998

Davis, Sarah (Longview 1920, Lubbock 1940, segregation, father murder)*

45

13-Jul-1998

Day, Mrs. Louise F. (Britain murder, Tulia reaction to minorities)

70

14-Nov-1975

Dean, William (Dallas Parks board, race problems, J. Erik Jonsson attitude)

115

5-Apr-1975

Denson, Clarence (Dunbar HS, George Scott, racial profiling)

65

19-Jan-2006

Dickson, Donnell (Mob law, racial myths in judicial decisions)

25

23-Jul-1971

Donaldson, Dr. J. D. (minority medical care in Lubbock)

120

1-Jul-1997

Douglas, Dr. R. C. (segregated medical care at Lubbock)

85

16-Oct-1998

Drew, Adella Shaw (Lubbock from 1900, minorities at Plainview)

60

9-Dec-1977

Dupre, Margaret (founding of Lubbock Mexican & Negro schools)

30

21-Feb-1979

English, Dr. Otis W. (description of Chatman Hospital)

50

25-Jun-1979

Eubank, George (Lubbock Negro community 1930s)

30

16-Apr-1969

Fair, Mr. & Mrs. D. C. (NAACP, KKK, Lubbock black business, settlers)

35

6-Jul-1979

Fair, Mrs. John and D. C. Fair (Depression, segregated schools)*

40

28-Mar-1969

Fair, Morris (Dallas KKK and anti-Jewish activities)

60

3-Oct-1972

Fenley, Mrs. Florence (Uvalde folklore, Indians, sheep ranch, Negros)

60

11-Aug-1970

Flaig, Joe (importation of Negro workers for cottonseed oil mill)

60

23-Jul-1973

Flewellyn, D. G. (Cotton Club race relations, TTU, drugs, gangs)*

45

27-Sep-1998

Flick, Margaret (hanging of Negro in Gunnison, Colorado)

30

3-Aug-1968

Flores, Raymond (bias, courthouse, water fountains, Lindsey Theater)

60

21-Aug-1999

Ford, Vernice (Lubbock community 1940, Dr. Oliver interrace marriage)*

45

15-Apr-1969

Follis, O. W. (integration of Lamesa sports teams)

60

22-Aug-1976

Forkner, Roy Allen (bill of sale for slaves remembered)

15

27-Feb-1974

Fowler, Thaddeus P. Jr. (Jim Town, Black education, cowboys)*

60

16-Jan-1982

Fortin, Joe (minority participation in semi-pro baseball)

45

13-Jul-1976

Gay, Ruth (Black domestic servants at Abilene c. 1900)

13

15-Mar-1966

Givens, Ron (Dunbar integration, killing, bias, White flight, NAACP)*

150

19-May-1999

Glumper, Valentine “Vallie” (KKK anti-German activity at Pep)

60

2-Jul-1980

Grant, Homer (zoning Manhattan Heights)

65

20-Dec-1971

Graves, Mrs. Ada (housing, harassment 1927, dance spots, Negro police)*

30

8-Apr-1969

Graves, Lucille (1st grad student at Tech, NAACP)*

10

23-May-1974

Gray, Ted (Black cowboys)

110

26-Oct-1999

Green, Mrs. William E. (grandfathers slave owners, in Confederate Army)

30

27-Nov-1977

Greener, Annie (KKK at Pep)

90

15-Jun-1980

Greenhaw, Charley (KKK at Mexia, 1923)

35

31-Oct-1978

Greenhaw, Walter (Desdemona, KKK)

30

30-Oct-1981

Griffin, Alton (prosecuting Black bootleggers, prostitution, Queen City)

250

2-Jul-1998

Grzywacz, Stan (Black participation in semi-pro baseball)

45

7-Jul-1976

Guion, David (influence of Negro musicians)

90

16-Jun-1968

Gum, Donald (Black Marines WWII)

120

16-Sep-1998

Gum, Florence (socializing with African-Americans)

90

14-Sep-1998

Gurley, Frank (Blacks working on railroad)

80

5-Aug-1976

Guy, Charles A. (1st Negro policeman, Lubbock relations, leaders, crime)

40

2-May-1969

Haley, Alex (Oral History Assn. Colloquium)*

310

10-Nov-1972

Hanna, Walter & Billie (Negro vs. Mexican farm labor)

90

14-Nov-1983

Hardeman, Dorsey B. (Barbara Jordan anecdote)

60

31-May-1973

Harkey, O. B. & O. M. (mob days and Negro employees)

60

?/?/1969

Harkey, Otis (mob justice in San Saba County)

85

7-Aug-1969

Harper, Johnny (Big Band drummer, great Black artists)

60

26-Dec-1975

Harris, Arlene (Juneteenth, cotton, Colored Church of Christ)*

60

6-Oct-1998

Harris, Dr. Bernard (astronaut, physician, Navajo reservation)*

40

15-Dec-1998

Harris, Floyd (Dunbar, NAACP, 1937 Cotton Bowl, Prairie View, unions)*

45

7-Jul-1995

Harris, T. B. (Ward Co. WWI, Prohibition, Black vs. Mexican labor

35

15-Jun-1978

Harris, Ted (Negro cook Sancho on San Angelo drive)

60

30-Jun-1972

Harris, Theodore (racial integration of Dallas parks)

60

11-Jul-1973

Harris, Mr. W. E. (Negro Oregon and Slick on XIT Ranch)

140

?/?/1970

Harrison, Mrs. Inez (black children on Davis plantation)

50

2-Apr-1981

Hart, Tommy (Big Spring football & basket, racial competition)

80

4-Aug-1976

Hasse, Warren (Pampa semi-pro baseball, effect of black players on gate)

60

13-Jul-1976

Hassell, J. D. (Lubbock minority zoning)

60

11-Jan-1972

Haynes, John (minorities in McLean)*

60

6-Dec-1978

Hays, Curley (Black athletes in Texas, Border Conference, Jerry Levias)

30

19-Nov-1975

Heeter, Inez (slavery, Desdemona, KKK, underground railroad)*

60

30-Oct-1981

Heinrich, Mrs. Otto (Slaton KKK)

60

20-Jul-1982

Henderson, Col. Margaret (USMC 1943 minorities in Corps)

70

28-Jun-1999

Henderson, William Henry (Abilene Black pioneer, grand jury, vote)*

20

13-Apr-1967

Henry, Mrs. Waymon (Lubbock from 1917 through Depression)*

70

29-Mar-1969

Henry, Mr. & Mrs. Waymon (from 1917, schools, churches, lodges)*

70

18-Apr-1969

Hernandez, Aurora (minority professors at TTU)

75

10-Jul-1998

Hewlett, Harry H. (Black vs. bracero labor)

45

31-Mar-1982

Hiatt, Dean (segregation at Thurber)

60

4-Mar-1981

Hill, Damon (Dunbar football coach, disciplinarian)*

40

c. 1975

Hill, Damon (Dunbar football coach, Black business, churches)*

75

25-Jun-1975

Hoffman, Max & Rose (Umbarger, KKK)

120

16-Sep-1982

Hoffman, Ray & William Kramer (Villa kidnapping Negro ranch foreman)

60

16-Nov-1973

Holmes, Dr. T. H. (race in Memphis vs. Lubbock, Chatman, minority care)

105

2-Jul-1997

Houston, L. B. (racial problems in Dallas parks, swim pools)

60

6-Jul-1973

Hughes, Jack (controversy over fishing piers for Negroes in Florida)

60

8-Sep-1970

Humphreys, George (Negro bronc rider on 6666 Ranch)

120

9-Jul-1969

Hunt, Dr. Ewell (Chatman Hospital)

40

21-Jun-1979

Iles, Oscar Mathew (Lubbock 1923, Anti-Negro Assn., KKK)*

90

24-Mar-1969

Jackson, Mrs. J. W. & Stella Wolffarth (Negroes & KKK in Lubbock)

120

22-Jul-1958

Jacoby, Fred (SWC commissioner, integration)

100

4-Apr-1997

Jamison, Mack (Lubbock 1919 on)*

85

10-Apr-1969

Jamison, Theodore S. (1919 on)*

70

31-Jan-1979

Jarrell, William Nash (KKK in South Carolina & Abilene)

60

13-May-1975

Jennings, Morley (social problems of Black athletes)

60

5-Dec-1972

Johnson, Thomas (LISD attorney on desegregation cases)

95

30-Oct-1998

Johnson, W. R. (Negro oil field workers at Odessa after 1940)

45

14-Apr-1968

Joiner, Ernest (news editor on segregation, anti Affirmative Action)

170

29-Dec-1989

Jones, Otto (death of Black cowboy on Renderbrook Ranch)

45

7-Aug-1974

Jones, Sarah (1920 lynchings, KKK at Hillsboro)

50

29-Apr-1997

Jones, Thurman "Tugboat" (integration in Highland Park football)

60

4-Aug-1976

Jonsson, J. Erik (Dallas parks, riot prevention)

60

?/?/1973

Joplin, Charles (segregation at Littlefield, AFB)

80

28-Oct-1998

Jordan, Carolyn (Lubbock city treatment of minority issues)

145

26-Apr-1986

Jordan, James Roy (mention of Black comedian John Rucker)

45

30-Oct-1974

Jungman, Annie (1924, KKK at San Antonio, Munday, Pep)

80

15-Jun-1980

Keeling, William (White Rock, closing Dallas pools to avoid mixing)

60

3-Jul-1973

Keeton, Grover (Dallas parks, integration, Fair Park, drug culture)

85

29-Aug-1973

Kelly, Joe (A-J sports editor 1947-63, integration, Hubbers)

75

9-Jun-1975

Kelley, Sue (Sadler shows, "Trouble" with Black person at tape end))

80

6-Apr-1976

Kerr, Coretta (Judge Woodard, school desegregation case at Lubbock)

80

10-Jul-1998

Key, Olan (Chatman, medical services for Blacks)

30

29-Jun-1979

King, J. T. (Tech coach, Danny Hardaway 1st Black recruit)

65

ND

Kinner, District of Columbia “D. C.” (Lubbock from 1947)*

60

15-Nov-1999

Kirk, Robert (bias at Baylor, race relations at Waco, KKK, MLK, riots)

160

28-Sep-1998

Kirkpatrick, Celestine Hatchet (Dunbar HS, athletics, coaching, racism

Klattenhoff, Magnus (Black vs. Mexican labor 1919, sharecropper)

60

16-Sep-1974

Kucera, H. P. (Dallas Park Board attitude toward minorities)

60

14-Jun-1973

Lane, Carlandis (Dunbar High from 1946)

??

7-Jul-1995

Lewis, Miss Ella (Lubbock from 1920-40)*

40

9-Apr-1969

Lindsay, Mrs. Mary Malone ("Old Negro servant" at Brownwood)

120

?/?/1969

Little, Bertie Bates & Mertle Weatherby ("lack of segregation" in Abilene)

90

19-May-1975

Lopez, Amado (segregated schools, effect of WWII on discrimination)

60

24-Mar-1973

Lunceford, Dr. Tennie Mae (no bias in medicine, poverty, Chatman)

155

27-May-1998

Lundy, Eloise (Dallas bias, incidents, leadership, equality in advancement)

35

ND

Lyman, Velma (racial prejudice and college football)

55

12/?/1969

Malone, Dr. Frank B. (J. A. Chatman)

40

28-Feb-1979

Massie, Ludy (Sunset C of C, 3 African-American congregations)

45

20-Mar-1990

Mayfield, Gene (minority participation and religion in high school sports)

50

11-Jul-1976

Mayhew, Dewey (minority players in football, bias at Lubbock & Abilene)

40

10-Aug-1971

McCall, Judge Jim (KKK in Carlsbad, NM)

60

20-May-1982

McConnell, George (Black vs. bracero farm labor)

105

9-Apr-1982

McCullough, Blanche Wagoner (KKK in Gaines County, TX)

40

14-Mar-1980

McDonald, W. Homer (Panhandle outlaw called "The Black Kid")

20

2-Mar-1973

McDuff, Joe Ed (memories of black laborer's help at Merkel)

60

24-Oct-1975

McElroy, D. M. (Coach Pete Cawthon hitting Black porter, racial attitudes)

80

?/?/1975

McGinnis, William (racial strife at Thurber)

90

14-Aug-1980

McKenzie, Dr. Emmett (minority athletes at Big Spring)

60

4-Aug-1976

Mackenzie Marker Dedication ("Negro outfit" in Red River Wars)

??

12-Oct-1968

McLaren, Ray (prejudice at Reese & East Side in WWII)

60

13-Oct-1982

McLaughlin, Howard (KKK in Abilene)

60

16-May-1975

McNeely, Clifton (scrimmaging with black players)

30

20-Jul-1976

McWhorter, Owen Sr. (Lubbock County KKK)

60

6-May-1982

McWhorter, Owen Sr. (Lubbock County KKK anti-Germans)

60

30-Mar-1983

McWilliams, David ( segregation in athletics)

55

20-Aug-1997

Middleton, Wayne "Lefty" (minorities, Amarillo semi-pro baseball)

45

12-Jul-1976

Milam, Tom & Jim (slave-holding family)

25

21-Jul-1971

Mims, Elton T. (Black cowhands)

60

2-Aug-1978

Montgomery, Dr. C. L. (medical care Lubbock, Chatman, Brewer)

60

17-Jun-1997

Montgomery, Faye (prejudice in Lubbock, renting house to black man)

90

8-Oct-1985

Montoya, Paula Kay (racial divisions, corrupt judicial system in Lubbock)

60

21-Jul-1998

Morriel, Veta (Dunbar)*

15

2-Jul-1998

Moss, Dr. Basil (Chatman, segregation at West Texas Hospital)

130

3-Jul-1997

Nabours, Mrs. Homer Riebe (Hanover TX Colony of 1896, slave quarters)

60

3-Dec-1971

O'Connor, Edwin M. III (white attorney on Lubbock race relations))

95

9-Jul-1998

Oden, Dr. Wm. E. (Sen. Barbara Jordan proposed U of Southwest for TTU)

80

2-Jun-1969

Oheim, Fred (segregation at New Braunfels)

60

30-Mar-1978

Ogle, Frank B. (story about bed made by slaves)

60

19-Nov-1969

Oliver, Horace (W TX high school coach, integration)

90

5-Aug-1976

Ortiz, Robt. Charles "Bobby" (race issues on All-Star football teams)

45

18-Jan-2001

Palmer, I. B. (minority participation in semi-pro baseball)

60

9-Jul-1976

Parker, T. A. (Thurber & Brady, KKK, NAACP, Jews)

60

5-Mar-1981

Parrack, Earl (minorities at Abernathy)

30

15-Feb-1979

Partin, Rev. James W. (KKK)

60

13-Jan-1981

Patterson, T. J. (Bishop College, Lubb. city council, bias @ Wichita Falls)

75

16-Jun-1999

Pearson, Arthur L. (Negroes at Creed Colorado mining boom)

40

July/?/1968

Peoples, Clint (Burned Negro at Conroe)

90

24-Jan-1984

Pettey, Dr. Weston (lecture by Af-Amer heart surgeon, optometrist)*

165

17-Jul-1997

Philbrick, George (Coack Pete Cawthon feelings about Blacks)

50

ND

Pierce, C. A. "Charlie" (Bill Carter, black cook on Pierce ranch)

40

June/?/1965

Pinkston, Mrs. Lottie (from 1920-40, grocer, Rat Row, Negro teachers)*

25

11-Apr-1969

Pipes, Brann (ghetto at Thurber, Ranger)

105

14-Sep-1983

Potter, Lester T. (Dallas parks, zoo, integration of pool, race relations)

40

ND

Powell, W. L. "Putt" (Black players on Amarillo Gold Sox)

75

12-Jul-1976

Powell, William R. (Dunbar, desegregation)*

45

7-Jul-1995

Price, Floyd (police, bias in accommodation, Soul Patrol, city council)*

90

24-Jun-1998

Priestly, Carlton & George Woods (1920s, Dr. Oliver, Rat Row, race)*

90

9-Apr-1969

Prude, Mrs. Andrew G. (Negro cavalry at Fort Davis)

60

15-Aug-1970

Public Parallels #75 (Ethnic diversity on TTU campus, organizations)

60

?/?/1981

Purdom, Tom (white attorney on race riot at Dunbar, prejudice)

220

8-Jun-1998

Qualia, John & Jose Riojas (Negro soldiers at Del Rio)

50

1-Feb-1972

Quilliam, W. Reed (minorities at TTU Law School)

110

14-Jul-1998

Rael, Jose I. (differentiation between Negro & Hispanic social problems)

55

8-Jan-1974

Ragus, Pete (Integration of athletics in West Texas high schools)

75

5-Apr-1987

Rainwater, Alma (Choctaw, bias, Dunbar, Colored Church of Christ)*

60

6-Oct-1998

Randall, C. M. (Black thief jail escapee hunted down and killed)

120

4-Aug-1971

Rawlings, S. C. “Copper” (KKK, LPD officer on attitude, prostitutes)

60

7-Apr-1976

Reynolds, Oscar (KKK in oil boomtowns)

90

15-May-1968

Rhoades, Dr. Dale R. (race relations and medical care, Crosbyton)

85

22-Aug-1997

Richardson, Eddie (segregation, radio, civil rights)*

60

4-Nov-1999

Riley, Fanny (Black education at Hale Center)

60

17-Nov-1981

Robertson, Mrs. J. D. (NAACP, wages, race relations, mixed marriage)*

90

28-Mar-1969

Robinson, Lillie Pearl (Dunbar, bias in education, importance of church)*

17

7-Jul-1995

Robinson, Mary Lou (civil rights in Amarillo, bias in drug cases)

105

31-Aug-1998

Robinson, Polk (Black athletes 1963)

60

23-May-1979

Robnett, Yantis (Gov. Ferguson and pardon of Negro criminal)

55

13-Nov-1972

Rodriguez, Claudia Jean (ethnic stereotypes among teens in Carrolton)

45

20-Mar-1988

Rogers, Mrs. C. B. (minorities on ranches)

60

10-Jan-1979

Roquemore, Judy (Dunbar, Collier murder, criminal justice, integration)*

10

7-Jul-1995

Ross, Mrs. Lillian (KKK at Ralls, Texas)

20

6-Nov-1980

Royal, Darrell (recruiting of Negro athletes at UT)

30

19-Aug-1971

Ruff, Curtis (integration of US Army 1950, 2nd Infantry Korea; Lubbock)

100

25-Sep-1998

Sanders, Sylvan (early Lubbock minorities)

30

12-Dec-1980

Santi, Lawrence (Blacks at Thurber, Henry Clay, Albert Whitehead)

40

22-Apr-1980

Sapenter, Mrs. Marie (first Negro presented in recital at Howard Payne)*

70

24-Jun-1970

Savage, Wallace (Dallas parks, integration problems)

55

5-Jul-1973

Savage, Will (story of Negro killed possum hunting)

60

21-Jul-1972

Sawyer, A. A. (lack of Negroes & Mexicans in NM ranching)

60

23-Oct-1970

Schmid, Mrs. Lynn (Dallas parks, Negroes, programs)

60

3-Jul-1973

Schoppa, Pauline (KKK anti-German activities)

60

9-Dec-1980

Schwertz, Lillian (Dallas parks, Negro problems, ceased activity)

60

12-Jun-1973

Scott, George Jr. (Tech discrim., Gene Gaines, EC Struggs, Chatman)*

115

14-Jan-1980

Scott, Jack (KKK and West Texas newspapers)

30

12-Mar-1981

Scott, Rev. Steward S. (racial situation in Lubbock)

60

31-Jan-1980

Seay, Dewey (Silverton farmer, anti-Black attitude)

60

19-Sep-1975

Seay, Euphemia (Black & Chicano leaders in Tulia)

60

19-Sep-1975

Sedberry, Charles R. (Negro Leagues, Ella Iles, NAACP, Quigley)*

55

31-Jan-1979

Selby, Dr. John H. (Drs. J. A. Chatman, Loving, Methodists end bias)

110

10-Jun-1997

Self, Bob (minority players on Dumas football team)

60

13-Jul-1976

Sharp, Comer (Lubbock racial climate)

45

5-Dec-1982

Shaver, William (white attorney, racism in drug cases)

120

15-Oct-1998

Shaw, Elsie Plummer (Blacks at Thurber)

45

13-Nov-1980

Sheffield, Dr. Roy S. (minority medical care 1950s, J. A. Chatman)

85

24-Jun-1997

Shelton, Travis (selective marijuana sentencing)

105

17-Feb-1999

Shields, Ben (from 1925, Lubbock café owner, police relations, bias)*

20

22-Apr-1969

Shorten, Mrs. Philip (life for black people in Amarillo 1930s)*

25

20-Feb-1971

Simmons, Mae (gfather slave, W. Falls 1927, Lubbock 1940, Chatman)*

40

31-Jan-1980

Simms, Raymond (KKK in Brownfield politics)

90

11-Jul-1974

Smith, Mrs. Clark (opposition to Negro hotel employees at Canyon)

120

15-Jul-1958

Smith, Neuman (Ballinger 1916, farming 1900, Black labor rep. by Latino)

180

29-Sep-1982

Smith, Mrs. W. W. (KKK)

80

20-May-1975

Sowder, Madison (racism@ Fort Hood, attorney on law bars Blacks, Tech)

195

23-Sep-1998

Steen, Ralph W. (president of SF Austin State U. on Black students)

15

30-Mar-1978

Stevenson, Ernest (Dunbar, teaching Black History)*

45

7-Jul-1995

Stickley, Vance (Blacks in Canadian from 1920, Toppy Clark)

30

11-Jan-1979

Strandtmann, Russell W. (poor quality of Mexican & Negro schools)*

90

5-Mar-1975

Strong, Eric (Roots Historical Arts Council, KKK, Sedberry, Chatman)*

25

8-Feb-1975

Struggs, E. C. (Negro education, Chatman, churches)*

60

22-Feb-1969

Sullivan, Jackie (Black Hubbers semi-pro baseball)

45

8-Jul-1976

Summers, F. E. “Ellis” (Wichita Falls, Burkburnett, KKK)

150

31-Mar-1981

Tarpley, Lyle (Black soldiers at Abilene WWII)

45

18-Nov-1974

Tasker, Ralph (racial friction in high school basketball in 1960s)

40

3-Aug-1976

Tate, Viola & G. D. (school integration at Denver City)

90

10-Sep-1984

Tatum, Maggie (from 1920s, race relations)*

30

24-Apr-1969

Taylor, James E. (Black population at Thurber)

20

13-Jun-1979

Taylor, Jay (integration of minor league baseball)

45

13-Jul-1976

Teague, George (recollection of Negro farmer at Crane)

60

14-Aug-1970

Tepe, Vera & Velma Tepe Carver (pre-WWI games: "Black man")

45

28-Sep-1978

Texas Folklore Society (Negro folklore)

15

Easter, 1971

Thomas, Samuel (Dunbar, segregation)*

18

7-Jul-1995

Thompson, James E. (Brazos farm life, bias, civil rights in Lubbock)*

60

12-Dec-1989

Thornton, Charles G. "Bubba" (integration at TCU, SW Conference)

35

20-Aug-1997

Toliver, Jannie (Chatman)*

20

20-Feb-1979

Towler, Charles (Black gospel songwriters, shape note tradition)

85

9-Dec-1988

Tubbs, Fenner (segregation of Lubbock schools)

75

13-Sep-1995

Tubbs, Mrs. W. O. (races in Lubbock: Black people, Germans)

90

29-Dec-1980

Turner, Lawrence W. (Adolphus Hotel headwaiter)*

30

27-Apr-1972

Twichell, W. D. family (George Littlefield prejudice)

60

7-May-1973

Vardeman, M. H. (slaves in the Republic of Texas)

10

29-Mar-1963

Vaughn, Alva L. (1921, Juneteenth, Hubbers, segregation, housing)*

60

25-Mar-1969

Wall, C. I. "Stoney" (Tech Board member remembers integration)

60

1-Apr-1972

Wallace, Mr. & Mrs. Howard (lynching in Llano)

120

16-Jun-1977

Watkins, W. W. "Jim" (attitude toward Negro community at Llano)

40

c. 1963

West, Sam F. (Satchel Paige and racial problems)

60

23-Aug-1982

Whitfield, Mrs. Irbie (1924, early relations, teachers, mixed marriage)*

80

?/?/1969

Whitney, Henry Hobson (KKK in Lubbock 1923)

55

20-Oct-1972

Williams, James P. (Black vs. wetback labor at Del City)

105

6-Jan-1983

Williamson, Beth (discrimination in prison sentencing)

100

21-May-1986

Williamson, Norman (Black journalism, Carver News, W Texas Times)*

60

11-Jan-1980

Wilson, Mary Jo (Dunbar)*

40

19-Aug-1999

Wimberly, Russell (integration of Lubbock schools)*

30

18-Dec-1979

Witty, Mrs. Milton Brents (first Negros in Hamilton County)

55

26-Jun-1967

Wood, Gordon L. (Discipline and the Negro athlete, San Angelo coach)

60

31-Jan-1972

Woods, George (1928, Iles, Wilkes, Chatman, Hubbers, discrimination)*

40

20-Jan-1979

Woods, George (1928, bias, Dr. Oliver, LP&L, NAACP, city election)*

50

30-Jan-1983

Woods, H. D. (1923, Negros barred Mackenzie Park, KKK, Plainview)

60

5-Jun-1958

Woods, H. D. (Lubbock mayor on "good" Negros, KKK, Plainview)

75

1-Apr-1969

Woodward, Halbert O. Judge (civil rights, desegregation)

55

13-Jan-1988

Word, Dr. Max J. (minority health care, views on race)

170

5-Aug-1997

Wylie, Mr. & Mrs. P. D. "Pinky" (lynching at Eastland)

30

5-Mar-1980

* indicates African-American interviewee


Photograph Collections

SWC/SCL was a pioneer in the use of digital systems for archiving, retrieving and preserving photographs, as well as making them available on the World Wide Web. At present we have almost one million accessible images. Where available, links to the digital finding aids are provided below for major photo collections with images of African Americans. Other images that have not yet been scanned may exist in these collections. Reference Desk staff can retrieve individual collections for a hand search. Procedures and pricing for duplicating and publishing images are here. Please be aware that restrictions under U.S. Copyright Law may apply.

Lubbock History Photograph Collection

At least one photograph of black Lubbock schoolchildren is available in this collection. Finding aids allow digital search by Image ID, Category, Description and Year. To search this file, click here.

Lubbock Pictorial Photograph Collection

A few photographs are available through digital search by Image ID, Category, Description and Year. To search this file, click here.

Museum Photograph Collection

This group contains two shots of Black Texans. To search this file, click here.

Southwest Collection Photograph Collections

Overall guide to most collections listed below and others. To search, click here, choose a letter for the collection name and type [CTRL]+[f] on Windows (or [Apple]+[f] for Macintosh), enter the search term, then type [Enter]. Photographs of African-Americans may be found in these collections:

Branch, Hettie Wallace Fowler (rancher “80 John” Wallace and descendents)

Brewster County (?)

Cannon Family

Cotton Pickers

Freeman, Bennett (?)

Gildersleeve Studio of Waco (?)

McClarty, T. B. A. (?)

McMillan, W. G., Jr.

Morrison, Inez Medlock (?)

Nail, Robert E. (former slaves at Albany, Texas)

Parramore Family (family servants)

Pitchfork Ranch SWCPC 284 E3 (unidentified portrait)

Rainwater, Eddie

Robert E. Nail Foundation (Confederate soldiers and former slaves at Albany, Texas)

Simmons, Mae (Lubbock schools)

Smith, Irl and Irene (portraits from Pampa, Texas)

Underwood, Arch (cotton industry workers)

University Archive

University Daily (1979-1998)

Winston Reeves Photograph Collection

Winston Reeves began his photographic career in 1938 when he opened a studio at 1719 Broadway in Lubbock after graduating from Texas Tech University. During World War II he was an Army flight instructor at Breedlove Field in Lubbock while his wife and three assistants operated the Reeves Photography Studio. There are several images relating to Black Lubbock, including workers and churches. Identification and dates are available for most of the 60,000 images that have been digitized. To search this collection, click here.

In the Millennial Collection SWC/SCL also has some holdings of the photo prints of Tony Gleaton, particularly his work in this region and across Mexico.

Reference Files

Below are listed many related vertical files, compiled from newspaper and magazine clippings by SWC/SCL staff, plus donations by patrons. These may be seen by filling out a request slip in the Holden Reading Room. Copies of articles are available in compliance with the Reference Price Guidelines and policies available on-line or at the Reference Desk.

ABILENE, TX: BLACK CHAMBER OF COMMERCE (See ABILENE, TX: PEOPLE)

ABOLITION (See BLACKS; CIVIL WAR; DILLON, MERTON LYNN; HILL, MARY G.; JUNETEENTH; SCOTT, DRED; SLAVERY; TEXAS: ANNEXATION; See COLTON, CALVIN Microfilm C725 for Annexation of Texas; DILLON, MERTON LYNN Papers; HAMMOND, JABEZ DELANO Microfilm H226 for Letter to John C. Calhoun on the Annexation of Texas, 1844; LOVEJOY, ELIJAH P. Papers; LUNDY, BENJAMIN Microfilm L962 for The Life, Travels and Opinions of Benjamin Lundy, Philadelphia, 1847; MASSACHUSETTS CONVENTION ON ANNEXATION OF TEXAS Microfilm M414; McGREGOR, ORIS EUGENE, JR. Microfilm M147 for Attitude of Texas Toward Annexation, 1963; PHILLIPS, STEPHEN C. Microfilm P563 for Address on Annexation of Texas and Slavery in U.S.; WISWALL, AUSTIN Papers)

ADAME, KAELI (See LUBBOCK, TX: BLACK HISTORY MONTH)

ADAMS, ED (Obit.) (Austin IBM executive) (See BLACKS IN TEXAS)

ADAMS, GEORGE (See BLACKS, COWBOY)

AFRICAN AMERICAN FELLOWSHIP OF TEXAS (See BLACKS IN TEXAS #2)

AFRICAN AMERICAN GENEALOGICAL AND HISTORICAL SOCIETY OF SAN ANTONIO (Black cemeteries) (See BLACKS IN TEXAS)

AFRICAN-AMERICANS (See individual names; ABOLITION; BEARDEN, ROBERT J.; BLACK SEMINOLES; BLACKS and related files; BUFFALO SOLDIERS; CIVIL WAR; DILLON, MERTON LYNN; DISCRIMINATION; HILL, MARY G.; IMMIGRATION: TEXAS; INTEGRATION; JUNETEENTH; LOVEJOY, ELIJAH PARISH; LUBBOCK, TX: BLACKS; LUBBOCK, TX: EAST SIDE; LYNCHING; RACISM; SCOTT, DRED; SEGREGATION; SLAVERY; WISWALL, AUSTIN

AFRICAN STUDIES, INSTITUTE OF (See MURRAY, GROVER [Oral History])

AGRICULTURE (See also: Becker, Joe Don; Blacks in Texas; Farming; Grain Sorghums; Grange Materials; Grasshoppers; Grasslands; Hereford Cattle; Livestock; Irrigation; Pecans; Yellow House Land Company; Agricultural Chemicals Conference; Homesteading; Wallis-Lispenard Cotton Picker and Machinery Co.; Water; Land; Land Companies; Ranches; Windmills; Panhandle-Plains; Mule; Wright, Sidney O.)

ALDRIDGE, JACK (paper on George Washington Carver)

ALEXANDER, ARCHIE (See BLACKS)

ALEXANDER, ALEXIS

ALFORD, APRIL (Austin, TX, foil-fencer) (See FENCING [Sport])

ALLEN, DAVE JR. (Dallas, TX)

ALLEN, GEORGE (1ST black elected Dallas City Councilor) (See BLACKS IN TEXAS #2)

ALLEN, PETER (TX Revolution musician) (See GENERAL LAND OFFICE)

ALLRED, JAMES V. (anti-KKK governor of Texas)

AMARILLO, TX: BLACKS (See AMARILLO, TX: AMARILLO ADULT EDUCATION; AMARILLO, TX: PEOPLE; AMARILLO, TX: PLACES);; KU KLUX KLAN)

AMARILLO, TX: RACISM (See AMARILLO, TX: AMARILLO ISD) KU KLUX KLAN)

AMERICAN LEGACY AWARDS 2005 (See BLACKS #2)

AMERICAN LEGION: BOOKER T. WASHINGTON POST #808 (See LUBBOCK, TX: AMERICAN LEGION AUXILIARY)

AMIN, JULIUS (Dr.) (Historian) (See also LUBBOCK, TX: BLACKS; LUBBOCK, TX: JUNETEENTH)

Amos, Rev. T. A.

ANDERSON, DAVID (Lubbock, TX, teacher)

ANDERSON, PEARL C. (See BLACKS IN TEXAS)

ANTHONY, QUENTIN (See LUBBOCK, TX: BLACKS)

APOLLO THEATER ORAL HISTORY PROJECT (See BLACKS)

ARLINGTON, TX (See also DUNLOP, J. W.; RACISM)

ARMSTEAD, JOHNNIE (San Marcos, TX, historian) (Obit.) (See HISTORIANS)

ARNOLD, HENDRICK (TX scout) (See GENERAL LAND OFFICE)

ARRINGTON, GEORGE WASHINGTON (CAP) (John C. Orrick, Jr.) (Texas Ranger) (See also TEXAS REGIONS: PANHANDLE)

ART: SOUTHWESTERN (See also BECKENDORF, CHARLES; BLACKS IN TEXAS; COWART, FRED; DIXON, EDDIE; LUBBOCK, TX: THE BAKER COMPANY COLLECTOR GALLERY; LUBBOCK, TX: HALL'S GALLERY; MEXICAN AMERICANS; PEARCE, WILLIAM M.; STEFFEN, RANDY)

ASHLEY, VAN (City councilor) (See BLACKS IN TEXAS; LITTLEFIELD, TX)

ASHWORTH, AARON (See BLACKS, COWBOY)

ASHWORTH, ABNER (Palo Pinto County, TX)

ASHWORTH ACT (1840 Negro evacuation) (See ASHWORTH, ABNER)

ATKINS, HANNAH (OK legislator) (See BLACKS #2)

ATKINS, MICHI (student athlete)

ATKINSON, ROBERT A. (See BLACKS IN TEXAS)

“AUNT ABBIE” (Willingham servant) (See BLACKS IN TEXAS #2)

AUNT JEMIMA (See HEARNE, TX)

AUSTIN, MIKE (Lubbock, TX, guitarist) (See MUSIC: RHYTHM AND BLUES [Element])

AUSTIN, TX: BLACK HISTORY MONTH (See AUSTIN, TX: EVENTS)

AUSTIN, TX: GEORGE WASHINGTON CARVER MUSEUM (See BLACKS IN TEXAS)

AUSTIN, TX: LIONS MUNICIPAL GOLD COURSE (See BLACKS IN TEXAS)

BALDWIN, MICHAEL DEE (See LUBBOCK, TX: BLACKS)

BALTIMORE, LEE (Roganville centenarian) (See BLACKS IN TEXAS #2)

BARBER, JAMES (See BLACKS IN TEXAS)

BARR, ALWYN (See Also LUBBOCK, TX: BLACKS; THOMPSON, NED W.)

BARR, SHIRLEY CAMPBELL (Costa Rica poet)

BASS, J. W. (KKK as a political force in Dallas)

BATTIE, DEMETRIUS ANTONIO (TONY) (TTU basketball, Denver Nuggets)

BAYLOR UNIVERSITY (See also RACISM)

BEARDEN, ROBERT J. (paper on Black Codes)

BECKWOURTH, JAMES P. (Mountain Man) (See BLACKS#1)

BEER, A. ROBERT (Obit.) (Civil rights supporter) (See DALLAS, TX: PEOPLE)

Bell, Frances (LNB mortgage)

BELL, LARRY (Children’s black history author)

BELL, RAY (Fort Worth NAACP) (See BLACKS IN TEXAS #2)

BENEBY, DOYLE (San Antonio, TX) (See UTILITY INDUSTRY)

BENJAMIN, REGINA (M.D.) (US Surgeon General from AL) (See BLACKS)

Berry, Fulton

BERRY, MARY FRANCES (Historian-author) (See BLACKS #2)

BIG MOE (Obit.) (See MUSIC: RAP)

BIGGERS, DON HAMPTON

BIGMAMA (See BLACKS IN TEXAS)

BISHOP COLLEGE (Marshall and Dallas, TX)

BLACK AMERICAN WEST MUSEUM (Denver, CO) (See BLACKS, COWBOY)

BLACK EDUCATORS: OKMULGEE, OK (See JACKSON, C. A.)

BLACK HISTORY MONTH (See also LUBBOCK, TX: BLACK HISTORY MONTH)

BLACK, MARGIE (See BLACKS IN TEXAS)

BLACK SEMINOLES (See also ALLIES OF THE SEMINOLES; BLACKS #1; BLACKS IN TEXAS; LUBBOCK, TX: ROOTS HISTORICAL ARTS COUNCIL (LRHAC])

BLACKS (See also ALBUQUERQUE, NM: PEOPLE [Ralph Bunche]; BLACKS IN TEXAS; CHAVES COUNTY, NM [Blackdom, NM]; CHURCH OF JESUS CHRIST OF LATTER DAY SAINTS; DONA ANA COUNTY, NM; FLIPPER, HENRY OSSIAN; FOOTBALL: PEOPLE [Jack Trice]; GILLARD, DIANNE [LA creoles]; GRIFFIN, GEORGE, III [TTU thesis]; HALSELL, GRACE; JUNETEENTH; KU KLUX KLAN; LUBBOCK, TX: BLACKS; LUBBOCK, TX: JUNETEENTH; LYNCHING; MUSIC: TEXAS; NAACP; NEW MEXICO: HISTORY [Blackdom, NM]; PHILLIPPEE, GERALD L.; ROBB, JOHN M. [KS coal miners]; ST. LOUIS, MISSOURI; SLAVERY; SMITH, A. FRANK; TILL, EMMETT; TOLSON, ARTHUR L.; VETERANS: WORLD WAR II; See also PERRY, WILHELMINA ELAINE Microfilm P465A for The Urban Negro with Special Reference to the Universalism-Particularism Pattern Variable; SCARBOROUGH, JEWELL DAVIS Papers 1902-1967 Box 5)

BLACKS: CONTRIBUTORS TO SCIENCE AND ENERGY TECHNOLOGY (See BLACKS)

BLACKS, COWBOY (See also CLEARY, NIG; COWBOY; COWBOY HALL OF FAME; DIMMIT COUNTY, TX; DRYDEN, TX; FORT WORTH, TX: NATIONAL COWBOYS OF COLOR MUSEUM & HALL OF FAME; GOODNIGHT, CHARLES v. U.S.; HARRIS, W. E. [Mrs.]; HEARN, CLEO; IKARD, BOSE; L 7 RANCHES [CO & WY, p. 17]; LUBBOCK, TX: ROOTS HISTORICAL ARTS COUNCIL [LRHAC]; McJUNKIN, GEORGE; OKLAHOMA CITY, OK: NATIONAL COWBOY HALL OF FAME AND WESTERN HERITAGE CENTER; PICKETT, BILL; RODEOS; SEDBERRY, CHARLES; SMITH, CHARLIE [NIGGER CHARLIE]; WALLACE, DANIEL WEBSTER [80 JOHN]; See also KIRKPATRICK, J. R. Papers [Charley Glass]; See photos at SWCPC 39 E1, E18 & SWCPC 39 [A] E7 & [B] E18 [80 John Wallace], SWCPC 733 E1 [Bill Pickett])

BLACKS, DRAMA (See BLACKS #2)

BLACKS, FILM

BLACKS IN LUBBOCK (See ANDERSON, BETTY [Mrs. JOHN A.]; CHATMAN, HAROLD; CHATMAN, J. A. [M.D]; ERVIN, JOAN; GAINES A. GENE; GARNETT, ISAAC; GRAVES, LUCILLE; GRAY, JERRY; GRIFFIN, GEORGE, III; HILL, DAMON H., SR.; ILES, ELLA; KELLEY, LOUIS A.; LUBBOCK, TX: BLACK HISTORY MONTH; LUBBOCK, TX: BLACKS; LUBBOCK, TX: CAVAZOS JUNIOR HIGH SCHOOL; LUBBOCK, TX: CRIME; LUBBOCK, TX: DUNBAR HIGH SCHOOL; LUBBOCK, TX: JUNETEENTH; LUBBOCK, TX: EAST LUBBOCK; LUBBOCK, TX: LUBBOCK INDEPENDENT SCHOOL DISTRICT; LUBBOCK, TX: NORTH & EAST LUBBOCK COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT CORP.; LUBBOCK, TX: SINGLE MEMBER DISTRICT DISCRIMINATION SUIT; PATTERSON, T. J.; PINKSTON, LOTTIE; PRICE, FLOYD; RICHARDSON, EDDIE; ROCQUEMORE, EUGENE; SCOTT, GEORGE, JR.; STRUGGS, EDWARD CECIL; STRUGGS, LILLIAN C. PORTER; TAYLOR, WAYNE; WOODS-HOLMES, VERNITA; See also KELLEY, LOUIS A. Papers 1959-2001; SIMMONS, MAE Microfilm S592 for Scrapbooks 1943-1977; See photos at SWCPC 57 [K] E10 [1930-1972])

BLACKS IN NEW MEXICO (See BLACKS, COWBOY; CHAVES COUNTY, NM; DONA ANA COUNTY, NM; GOODNIGHT, CHARLES v. U.S; IKARD, BOSE; McJUNKIN, GEORGE; NEW MEXICO: HISTORY)

BLACKS IN TEXAS (See also ABILENE, TX: PEOPLE [Margaret Ghant, Petty Hunter, Floyd Miller, Manton J. Wilson]; BANGS, TX; BARR, ALWYN; BRENHAM, TX; BUFFALO SOLDIERS [and Lt. Gen. Ronnie Hawkins, Jr.]; CAMERON, TX: FOLK FETE; CARLSON, PAUL; CALVERT, TX; CALVERT, TX: CALVERT COLORED SCHOOL; CEMETERIES AND CEMETERY RECORDS; CENTER, TX; CLARK FAMILY GENEALOGY; COCKRELL, SARAH HORTON [Berry Derritt]; COLLIN COUNTY, TX; COMANCHE COUNTY, TX; COMANCHE, TX; COMSTOCK, HENRY GRISWOLD; CRAFT, JUANITA JEWEL; DELCO, WILHELMINA RUTH FITZGERALD; DUMONT, ELLA BIRD; FLIPPER, HENRY OSSIAN; FORT WORTH, TX: PEOPLE [Dr. Riley A. Ransom, Sr.]; GUION, DAVID WENDELL DE FENTRESSE; HARDIN, JOHN WESLEY; HOUSTON COUNTY, TX; HULING FAMILY; IKARD, BOSE; IDALOU, TX; JOHNSON, BRITT; JUNETEENTH; KU KLUX KLAN; LAND LAWS: TEXAS; LINDER, NELSON; LINDLEY, H. S.; LYNCHING; McDONALD, WILLIAM MADISON [GOOSENECK BILL]; MOUNT HOREB BAPTIST CHURCH; MUSIC: RHYTHM AND BLUES [Carl Gardner]; MUSIC: TEXAS; NAACP; PAUL QUINN COLLEGE; PICKETT, BILL; PRAIRIE VIEW A & M UNIVERSITY OF TEXAS; RACE; ROCQUEMORE, EUGENE; SAN ANGELO, TX: PEOPLE [Carl Ray Johnson]; SAN AUGUSTINE, TX [1960 Babysitter murder]; SLATON, TX; SLAVERY; TEXAS FOLKLORE; UTILITY INDUSTRY [Doyle Beneby]; WICHITA FALLS, TX: PEOPLE [Bertram Fuller, M.D.] ; See also ASBURY, DORIS T. Microfilm A799; BRYANT, IRA BABINGTON Microfilm B915B [Negro vocational education]; DeLEON, ARNALDO Papers; LEAL, CARMELA Microfilm L435 for Sources Documenting the Black in Texas, 1603-1803; See photos at SWCPC 57 [K] E10 [1930-1972], SWCPC 74 [A]-[C] [former slaves at Albany], SWCPC 383 [former slaves at Stephenville], SWCPC 786 E1 [Colored Church of Christ])

BLACKS IN THE CIVIL WAR (See ABOLITION; BUFFALO SOLDIERS; CORNISH, DUDLEY TAYLOR [KS Negro regiments]; GRIFFIN, GEORGE, III [TTU thesis]; JUNETEENTH; SANTA FE, NM: PEOPLE; RECONSTRUCTION; SLAVERY)

BLACKSHEAR, RODNEY (Football coach)

BLACKSHEAR SCHOOL (See DAWSON COUNTY, TX)

BLACKWELL, LONDA (Lubbock Salvation Army)

BLANTON, VOLLIE (Black Lubbock from 1920s)

BLEDSOE, JULES (Actor-singer)

BLUES BOY WILLIE (McFALLS, WILLIAM)

BOK, FRANCIS (Sudanese author) (See BLACKS #2)

BOND, JULIAN (NAACP chair) (See BLACKS)

BOLEY, OK (Black town from 1904)

BOYD, JOSEPHENE DELASHAW

BOYER, FRANCIS (NM pioneer) (See BLACKS)

BOYKIN, OTIS (See BLACKS)

BRADLEY, TOM (Mayor, Los Angeles)

BRADSHAW, SHIRLEY (See LUBBOCK, TX: TWENTIETH AND BIRCH STREET CHURCH OF CHRIST)

BRAMLETT, EXERLONA (NM Black pioneer) (See BLACKS #1)

BRANCH, FREDERICK (See BLACKS)

BRANDON, JOHN (See LUBBOCK, TX: BLACKS)

BRANDON, WILLIAM HERMAN (See BLACKS IN TEXAS)

BRASHEAR, CARL (Obit.) (1st Black U. S. Navy diver) (See BLACKS #1)

BRAXTON, BERNICE ROBERTS (See LUBBOCK, TX: BLACK HISTORY MONTH)

BRAXTON, JAMES T. (See also LUBBOCK, TX: BLACK HISTORY MONTH; LUBBOCK, TX: BLACKS)

BRAXTON, TOM (Musician)

BREWER, J. MASON, DR. (Folklorist)

Britt, William

BRITTON, LAWRENCE, SR. (Golf) (See BLACKS IN TEXAS)

BROOKE, EDWARD W. (U.S. Sen., Massachusetts) (See BLACKS #2)

BROOKS, JENNIE (Ex-slave) (See BASTROP, TX)

BROUSSARD, ONESEPHOR PETER (Civil rights activist) (Obit.) (See HOUSTON, TX: PEOPLE)

BROWN, DAVE (Obit.) (TTU football coach)

BROWN, EDDIE (REV.) (Lubbock Off the Bone BBQ) (See BLACKS IN TEXAS #2)

BROWN FAMILY (DALLAS) (See BLACKS IN TEXAS)

BROWN, FRANK VERNON (LEATHER HAT) (Lubbock, TX) (See HARRIS, VERNON BROWN)

BROWN, GEORGE (Waxahachie mayor) (Obit.) (See BLACKS IN TEXAS)

BROWN, MARILYN (Lubbock Off the Bone BBQ) (See BLACKS IN TEXAS #2)

BROWN, MYRTLE LEE MEANS (1st native, See also LUBBOCK, TX: BLACKS)

BROWN, RACHEL (Lufkin R&B singer) (See also BLACKS IN TEXAS)

BROWN, WILLIE (See BLACKS IN TEXAS)

BROWNSVILLE, TX (See also BLACKS IN TEXAS)

BRYAN, TX: JUNETEENTH (See BLACKS IN TEXAS #2)

BUCKNER, JOHN L. (Poet) (See BLACKS)

BUFFALO SOLDIERS (9th, 10th, 27th, 28th US Cavalry; 24th & 25th Infantry regiments) (See also BLACKS IN TEXAS; CARLSON, PAUL; COCHRAN COUNTY, TX; DIXON, EDDIE; LUBBOCK, TX: ROOTS HISTORICAL ARTS COUNCIL [LRHAC]; MORTON, TX)

BUNCHE, RALPH (See BLACKS)

Butler, Ernest

BUTLER, FREDDIE JAMES, SR. (Obit.) (See LUBBOCK, TX: MUSIC) (First Black disc jockey in Lubbock, TX)

BUTLER, JORDAN (Waxahachie HS student)

BYRD, JAMES (Alabama civil rights)

BYRD, RANDLE JOHN (See LUBBOCK, TX: BETHEL A.M.E. CHURCH)

BYRD, W. MICHAEL (M.D.) (Fort Worth) (See BLACKS IN TEXAS #2)

CAESAR, SHIRLEY (See BLACKS)

CALLOWAY FAMILY (See BLACKS IN TEXAS)

CALLOWAY, MOSE (See BLACKS IN TEXAS)

CALVERT, DALE (MRS.)

CALVERT DISTRICT CONFERENCE, METHODIST-EPISCOPAL CHURCH, SOUTH

CALVERT, TX: CALVERT COLORED SCHOOL

CAMERO, MANUEL (Los Angeles CA founder 1781) (See BLACKS #2)

CANTLEY, NAT (Rev.) (See FORT WORTH, TX: NATIONAL COWBOYS OF COLOR MUSEUM AND HALL OF FAME)

CARAWAY, BARBARA MALLORY (Dallas, TX Rep.) (See POLITICS: TEXAS)

CARAWAY, CHARLES

CARLSON, PAUL H. (Dr.) (TTU) (See also BLACKS; COWBOYS; LUBBOCK COUNTY HISTORY; PATTERSON, PAUL; SOUTHWEST COLLECTION)

CARR, JOHNNIE (Civil rights activist AL) (Obit.) (See BLACKS #1)

CARR, SAM (Jackson, MS, drummer) (Obit.) (See MUSIC: RHYTHM AND BLUES)

CARSON, DANA (Rev. Dr.) (Dallas playwright) (See BLACKS IN TEXAS)

CARTER, ELIZABETH ANN (Young County rancher, Elm Creek Raid of 1864)

CARTER, GLORIA (Lubbock High teacher)

CARTER, HERBERT E. (Lt. Col.) (Tuskegee airman WWII) (See BLACKS #1)

CARTER, JERRIS (Lubbock cartoonist)

CARTER, LOUIS A. (Rev., US Army chaplain 1910) (See BLACKS #1)

CARTWRIGHT, WALTER J. (TTU sociology faculty) (papers on race and intelligence, Head Start, urban renewal in Lubbock, rent subsidy, older Mexican-Americans)

CARVER, GEORGE WASHINGTON (Inventor) (See ALDRIDGE, JACK)

CASSIUS, ROBERT (See BLACKS)

CAVIEL, AL (See LUBBOCK, TX: EAST LUBBOCK)

Caviel, Billie & Alfred

CAVIEL, JASPER CULLEN (Obit.) (See LUBBOCK, TX: CAVIEL'S PHARMACY)

CEMETERIES & CEMETERY RECORDS

CENTER FOR THE STUDY OF DEMOCRATIC INSTITUTIONS

CENTER, TX

CHAMBERS, JUDY FREEMAN (Mexia City Councilor) (See BLACKS IN TEXAS #2)

CHAMILLIONAIRE (Rapper) (See TEXAS - BIOGRAPHIES)

CHATMAN, HAROLD (See also LUBBOCK, TX: EAST LUBBOCK; LUBBOCK, TX: JUNETEENTH)

CHATMAN, J. A., DR. (JOSEPH ALVIN) (See also LUBBOCK, TX: BLACKS; LUBBOCK, TX: CHATMAN CLINIC)

CHATMAN, MICHAEL (See CHATMAN, JOSEPH ALVIN [Dr.])

CHEROKEE BILL (See BLACKS, COWBOY; LUBBOCK, TX: ROOTS HISTORICAL ARTS COUNCIL [LRHAC])

CHEROKEE FREEDMEN (See CHEROKEE INDIANS)

CHEROKEE INDIANS (See also SOVEREIGN CHEROKEE NATION TEJAS)

CHESTNUT, J. L., JR. (AL Civil rights activist) (Obit.) (See BLACKS)

CHILDERS, DON (See LUBBOCK, TX: EAST LUBBOCK)

CHILDERS, JOYCE (See LUBBOCK, TX: EAST LUBBOCK)

CHILDERS, RICKEY (See also LUBBOCK, TX: JUNETEENTH)

CHILDS, MARLETA (Genealogy) (See also BLACKS IN TEXAS)

CHILES, KEN (See LUBBOCK, TX: BLACKS)

CHISUM, B. F. "FRANK" (See BLACKS, COWBOY)

CHISUM, JOHN S.

CHRISTOPHE FAMILY (See LUBBOCK, TX: KWANZAA)

CIVIL RIGHTS (See also AGUERO, BIDAL; BLACKS; BLACKS IN TEXAS; BURNETT, WARREN; BUSINESS; BYRD, JAMES [Alabama]; MARTINEZ, LEON; SANDERS, HAROLD BAREFOOT, JR. [Judge])

CIVIL WAR (See also BLAISDELL, LOWELL L., DR. [Author]; BOYNTON, W. ARTHUR; BRADY, MATTHEW; BRAZIL; BREWSTER, HENRY PERCY; BUEK, MAX; CAMP COLORADO, TX; CAMP FORD, TX; CARTER, R. G. (CAPT.); CLACK, MISSOURI McREYNOLDS; CLARK, EDWARD; CLARK, GEORGE; COFFEE, SOPHIA; CORNISH, DUDLEY TAYLOR (KS Negro regiments); HURRICANE IKE [Merchant ship Carolina]; LITTLEFIELD, GEORGE WASHINGTON [MAJ.])

CLARK, CHARLES J. (Dallas funeral director) (See BLACKS IN TEXAS #2)

CLEARY, NIG (See COWBOY COOKING)

CLEAVER, EMANUEL, II (U.S. Rep.) (See also LUBBOCK, TX: COMMUNITY CHAMPION AWARDS)

CLEAVER, LEROY, JR. (Lubbock, TX) (See MEDAL OF HONOR RECIPIENTS)

CLOVIS CULTURE (discovered by black cowboy George McJunkin)

CO-EDS (Band) (See BLACKS IN TEXAS)

COBRAS (See MEDLOW, JUNIOR[Larry Williams])

COFFEE, LEON (LUKE) (Blanco, TX) (See RODEO CLOWNS)

COFFEY, ALVIN A. (CA ‘49er) (See BLACKS #2)

COLEMAN, BESSIE (Waxahachie, TX, aviator)

COLEMAN, ORNETTE (Musician)

COLEMAN, VIOLA JOHNSON (M.D.) (Midland, NAACP plaintiff for LSU) (See BLACKS IN TEXAS #2)

COLFAX MASSACRE (See BLACKS)

COLLIN COUNTY, TX

COLLINS, MALACHI C. (Rev.) (See BLACKS)

COLONIZATION (pamphlet advocating removal to Africa, n.d.) (See BLACKS #1)

COLVIN, CLAUDETTE (Montgomery AL boycott) (See BLACKS)

COLVIN, GROVER C. (Obit.) (Lubbock Wheatley principal)

CONEY, THEDDIS ROOSEVELT (1st black US marshal in Houston) (See BLACKS IN TEXAS #2)

CONFEDERATE STATES OF AMERICA

CONNALLY, TOM (See BIGGERS, DON HAMPTON)

CONNER, NICHELLE D. (Lubbock, TX, spiritual author)

COOK, RAY CHARLES (Lubbock, TX) (Obit.) (See VETERANS: KOREAN WAR)

COOK, TERRY (Plainview, TX, operatic singer)

COOKE, VIVIAN (Artist) (See LUBBOCK, TX: BLACK HISTORY MONTH; LUBBOCK, TX: BLACKS; LUBBOCK, TX: EAST LUBBOCK)

COOPER, A. L. (Waco, TX, Negro League baseball)

CORNISH, B. J. (Lubbock, TX)

CORNISH, DUDLEY TAYLOR (paper on Kansas Negro regiments in Civil War)

COTTON, DONALD (See BLACKS)

COWBOYS, BLACK (See BLACKS, COWBOY; COWBOYS; PICKETT, BILL; WALLACE, DANIEL WEBSTER [D. W.] [80 JOHN])

COWBOYS OF COLOR INVITATIONAL RODEO (See BLACKS, COWBOY; RODEOS)

COX, ELIJAH (Ballinger-San Angelo, TX, fiddler) (See GUION, DAVID WENDELL)

COX, JUDY Y’VONNE (Anson, TX) (paper on plantation life)

CRABTREE, MICHAEL (MIKE) (See also TEXAS TECH: FOOTBALL; TEXAS TECH: FOOTBALL PLAYERS)

CRAFT, JUANITA JEWEL (MRS.) (Dallas, TX, NAACP)

CRAFT, OZELL (Obit.) (See LUBBOCK, TX: AGAPE TEMPLE CHURCH OF GOD IN CHRIST)

CRAVEN, JAMES (Lubbock, TX)

CRAWFORD, GEOFFREY (See LUBBOCK, TX: BLACKS)

CRAWFORD, HENRY B. (MoTTU curator) (See also BLACKS IN TEXAS)

CRAWFORD, LEROY (See BLACKS, COWBOY)

CRAWFORD, TONI JOHNSON (See LUBBOCK, TX: BLACKS)

CROUCH, ANDRE (Grapevine, TX, gospel musician)

CROSTHWAIT, DAVID (See BLACKS)

CRUSE, NIKKI (Lubbock, TX, children’s author)

CUNNINGHAM, LOVIE JEAN (See LUBBOCK, TX: BETHEL A.M.E. CHURCH)

CURRIE, FREDDIE (Lubbock, TX, bassist) (See MUSIC: RHYTHM AND BLUES [Element])

CURRY, MARLON (Golf) (See BLACKS IN TEXAS)

CURTIS, SAMUEL (Obit.) (See LUBBOCK, TX: BLACKS)

CYPHERS, ANDREA JERA (Lubbock, TX)

DADE, MYRIA (Floydada, TX)

DALLAS COUNTY, TX (See also OLD RED MUSEUM OF DALLAS COUNTY HISTORY AND CULTURE; RACISM)

DALLAS, TX: ADOLPHUS HOTEL (See also ALLEN, DAVE, JR.)

DALLAS, TX: AFRICAN-AMERICANS (See BLACKS IN TEXAS)

DALLAS, TX: ARABIC BAPTIST CHURCH (DALLAS, TX: CHURCHES)

DALLAS, TX: BLACK HISTORY MONTH (See BLACKS IN TEXAS)

DALLAS, TX: DEEP ELUM (See BLACKS IN TEXAS)

DALLAS, TX: FREEDMAN'S CEMETERY

DALLAS, TX: FULL GOSPEL HOLY TEMPLE (DALLAS, TX: CHURCHES)

DALLAS, TX: INSPIRING BODY OF CHRIST CHURCH (DALLAS, TX: CHURCHES)

DALLAS, TX: JENKINS CHAPEL AFRICAN METHODIST EPISCOPAL CHURCH (See DALLAS, TX: CHURCHES)

DALLAS, TX: MOSLEY CHAPEL CME CHURCH (See DALLAS, TX: CHURCHES)

DALLAS, TX: STATE-THOMAS AREA (See BLACKS IN TEXAS)

DANFORD, GLORIA H. (See LUBBOCK, TX: BLACKS)

DANIELS, W. G. (Rev.) (See FORT WORTH, TX: PEOPLE)

DANSBY, WALTER (Superintendent) (See FORT WORTH, TX: FORT WORTH INDEPENDENT SCHOOL DISTRICT)

DAVIDSON, LYNCH (See BIGGERS, DON HAMPTON)

DAVIS, ALLEN (Rev.) (See LUBBOCK, TX: BLACKS)

DAVIS, CEDRIC (Balch Springs, TX, mayor) (See POLITICS: TEXAS)

DAVIS, DAMION (Lubbock, TX, novelist)

DAVIS, DARYL (Author-pianist)

DAVIS, DENNY D. (Rev.) (See GRAND PRAIRIE, TX)

DAVIS, EMORY (Dr.) (See LUBBOCK, TX: BLACKS)

DAVIS, LETHA (See BLACKS IN TEXAS)

DAVIS, YVONNE (Dallas, TX Rep.) (See POLITICS: TEXAS)

DAWN, NORINE FOLEY (Obit.) (See LEVELLAND, TX: PEOPLE)

DAWSON, GEORGE (See BLACKS IN TEXAS)

DAY, LOUISE F. (Mrs.) (Tulia, TX)

DEAN, WAYNE (Sheet music—popular, show tunes & minstrel novelties)

DEADWOOD DICK (See LOVE, NAT)

DEATH PENALTY (See also CAPITAL PUNISHMENT; TEXAS CRIME)

DEEP ELLUM (See BLACKS IN TEXAS; DALLAS, TX)

DELCO, WILHELMINA RUTH FITZGERALD (Austin, TX Rep.)

DEMERSON, JIMMIE E. (Mrs.) (Lubbock, TX)

DENISON, TX (See also BLACKS IN TEXAS)

DENSON, T. J. (REV.) (Dallas Macedonia Ministries) (See BLACKS IN TEXAS #1)

DENT, JESSIE COVINTON (See BLACKS)

DENTON, OSCAR (Ranch cook) (See CROSBY COUNTY, TX)

DENVER, CO: BLACK AMERICAN WEST MUSEUM

Deo, Charles

DERRITT, BERRY (Dallas, TX, slave ferryman) (See COCKRELL, SARAH HORTON)

DESEGREGATION (See LUBBOCK, TX: DESEGREGATION; LUBBOCK, TX: LUBBOCK INDEPENDENT SCHOOL DISTRICT)

DEWBERRY, DEANNA (Lubbock, TX, TV journalist)

DICK THE DRUMMER (See BLACKS IN TEXAS)

DIDDLEY, BO (Obit.) (See MUSIC: ROCK)

DIMERY, ALLEN (See BLACKS IN TEXAS)

DIVERSITY (See MINORITIES; DISCRIMINATION; SEGREGATION)

DIXON, EDDIE (Artist) (See also BLACKS, COWBOYS; BLACKS IN TEXAS; LUBBOCK, TX: BLACKS; LUBBOCK, TX: MAE SIMMONS PARK; LUBBOCK, TX: ROOTS HISTORICAL ARTS COUNCIL [LRHAC]; LUBBOCK, TX: SCULPTURE; LUBBOCK, TX: WALK OF FAME)

DIXON, JESSY (San Antonio, TX, singer) (See MUSIC: GOSPEL)

DOBY, LARRY (Baseball)

DODSON, JACOB (Fremont guide) (See BLACKS #2)

DORANTES, ESTEBAN (See BLACKS IN TEXAS; LUBBOCK, TX: BLACKS)

DORSETT, TONY (football)

DOTSON, LOUIS (See BLACKS IN TEXAS)

DOUGLAS, MARVIN H. (See BLACKS IN TEXAS)

DOUGLASS, FREDERICK (See BLACKS)

DRAPER, ALVIN (SKEETER) (Lubbock, TX, guitarist) (See MUSIC: RHYTHM AND BLUES)

DUBOIS, W. E. B. (Author, civil rights leader) (See HOPSON, DON; MILLIGAN, JIM)

DUPREE, CORNELL (Fort Worth, TX, musician) (Obit.) (See MUSIC: RHYTHM & BLUES)

DURHAM-CHANDLER POTTERY (See BLACKS IN TEXAS)

DURHAM, EDDIE (Musician)

EAGLIN, SNOOKS (New Orleans, LA, musician) (Obit.) (See MUSIC: RHYTHM AND BLUES)

EASLEY, ANNIE (See BLACKS)

EASLEY, SOPHRONIA ANN COLLINS (See BLACKS)

EDDINS, ANGELA (See LUBBOCK, TX: EAST LUBBOCK)

EDDINS, CARL MORTON

EDDINS, FRANCES (See LUBBOCK, TX: EAST LUBBOCK)

EDDINS, STEFANI (See LUBBOCK, TX: EAST LUBBOCK)

Edwards, Nettie

EL PASO, TX: CHURCHES (See BLACKS IN TEXAS #2)

ELDER, CLARENCE (See BLACKS)

ELEMENT (Lubbock, TX, band) (See MUSIC: RHYTHM AND BLUES)

ELLIS, DEAD MAN (See BUFFALO SOLDIERS)

ELLIS, WILLIAN "DEAD MAN" (See BUFFALO SOLDIERS)

ELLISON, RALPH (Author) (See BLACKS #2)

ENNIS, TX: WAYMAN CHAPEL AFRICAN METHODIST EPISCOPAL (See ENNIS, TX)

ERVIN, CLARENCE L. (Lubbock, TX, Sgt., Ret'd)

ERVIN, JOAN (First black employee at Lubbock City Hall, LISD board member) (See also LUBBOCK, TX: EAST LUBBOCK; LUBBOCK, TX: PEOPLE)

ERVIN-RIDGE, MARY HELEN (Obit.) (See LUBBOCK, TX: BLACKS)

ESTEBAN (Explorer) (See BLACKS IN TEXAS #2; LUBBOCK, TX: BLACKS)

ESTEVANICO (See BLACKS IN TEXAS #2; LUBBOCK, TX: BLACKS; ESTEBAN [Explorer])

ETHIOPIANS IN TEXAS (See HOUSTON, TX: PEOPLE)

EVANS, SAM (Goodnight cowboy) (See GOODNIGHT, CHARLES v. U.S.)

EVANS, TONY (REV. DR.) (Dallas) (See BLACKS IN TEXAS)

EVANS, WILLIE (Lubbock, TX, truck driver)

FACTOR, POMPEY (Pvt.) (See BLACKS #2)

FAIR, D. C. (MR. & MRS.)

FAIR, D. C., JR.

FAULKNER, WILLIAM

FIELDS, C. VIRGINIA (See BLACKS)

FLETCHER, NELLRINE (See LUBBOCK, TX: BETHEL A.M.E. CHURCH)

FLEWELLEN, C. T.

FLEWELLEN, L. H.

FLEWELLYN, D. G. (Lubbock, TX, musician) (See also ADAMS, BRANDON)

FLIPPER, HENRY OSSIAN (See also RAHT, CARLYSLE GRAHAM)

FLOWERS, TAWANNA (See TEXAS TECH: BASKETBALL [WOMEN'S])

FOLK ARTS

FOLK MEDICINE (See also ALVAREZ, MARTIN [Oral history]; ARBUCKLE, H. C., III; CONTENT, TX [Nancy Parker]; CURANDEROS; URREA, TERESA [TERESITA])

FOLK MUSIC (See MUSIC: FOLK)

FOLKLORE (See also ABERNETHY, FRANCIS E. [AB]; BARRIER, EPPIE [Mrs.]; BELL COUNTY, TX; BOATRIGHT, MODY C.; BREWER, J. MASON; COMMUNITY LIFE: TX AND SOUTHWEST; DAVIS, KENNETH WALDRON; ELDORADO, TX; TEXAS FOLKLORE)

FORD, J. H. (Rev. & Mrs.) (Lubbock, TX) (See also LUBBOCK, TX: GREATER ST. LUKE BAPTIST CHURCH)

FORD, LaMONT (Lubbock, TX, stylist)

FORD, SARAH (See BLACKS IN TEXAS)

FORD, VERNICE (Lubbock, TX, dep. sheriff)

FOREMAN, GEORGE (world heavyweight champion boxer)

FORGOTTEN WEST MEMORIAL (See BLACKS, COWBOY; BLACKS IN TEXAS; LUBBOCK, TX: ROOTS HISTORICAL ARTS COUNCIL [LRHAC])

FORGOTTEN WEST RIDERS (See COWBOYS, BLACK)

FORT CONCHO MUSEUM

FORT CONCHO, TX (See also BLACKS IN TEXAS; SAN ANGELO, TX)

FORT DAVIS, TX (See also BLACKS #2; REYNOLDS, PHIW W.)

FORT WORTH, TX: OFF THE BONE BBQ (See BLACKS IN TEXAS)

FOURTEENTH AMENDMENT

FOWLER, REGGIE (NFL 1st Black owner AZ) (See BLACKS)

FRANKLIN, ARETHA (See STARS FOR FREEDOM 1967)

FRANKLIN, CAMILLE (TTU basketball player)

FRANKLIN, JOHN HOPE (Historian) (See also GREEN, CECIL C., JR.)

FRATER, CHARLES (See BLACKS IN TEXAS)

FRATERNAL ORGANIZATIONS

FREE WILL BAPTIST CHURCH

FREEDMAN MEMORIAL (WAXAHACHIE, TX) (See BLACKS IN TEXAS)

FREEDMEN’S COMMUNITIES (See BLACKS IN TEXAS)

FREEDOM RIDERS (See BLACKS #1, BLACKS #2)

FREEMAN, ANN GRAVES BAYLOR (See BAYLOR, ROBERT E. BLEDSOE)

FREEMAN, LOUIS (1st black chief pilot for major airline) (See BLACKS IN TEXAS #2)

FREESTONE COUNTY

FRICKS, GERALD (TTU journalism alumnus)

FULLER, BERTRAM (C. B.) (M.D.) (See WICHITA FALLS, TX: PEOPLE)

GAINES, A. GENE (Dallas, TX, attorney) (See also AMIN, JULIUS; LUBBOCK, TX: SINGLE MEMBER DISTRICT DISCRIMINATION SUIT)

GALLOWAY, CLEOPHUS ANTHONY "C.A." (1ST black Dallas City Councilor) (See also BLACKS IN TEXAS #2)

GALVESTON, TX (See also RACISM)

GALVESTON, TX: HURRICANE (1900)

GAMBEL, ROBERT (AKA P. J. BELLY) (Musician) (See LUBBOCK, TX: P. J. BELLY & HIS TEXAS BLUES REVUE)

GAMBEL, STEVEN

Gamble, Amos

GAMBLE, LUCKY (Coach)

GAMBLE, T. J., JR.

GARNETT, ISAAC (Lubbock, TX, TTU alumnus)

GBF FAM (Rapper) (See LUBBOCK, TX: RAP MUSIC)

Gaston, Lt. Col. Pat (See WOMEN IN THE MILITARY)?

GENEALOGY, AFRICAN-AMERICAN (See BLACKS #1; BLACKS #2; BLACKS IN LUBBOCK)

GERELLE, STEFAN (See LUBBOCK TX: BLACKS)

GETER, LENELL (Dallas, TX, engineer) (See LAW ENFORCEMENT)

GINDRATT, ISIAH (Abilene, TX) (See VETERANS: WORLD WAR II)

GIOVANNI, NIKKI (Poet)

GIVENS, RON

GLASRUD, BRUCE A.

GLEATON, TONY (photographer)

GOLF (See also BLACKS IN TEXAS; LUBBOCK, TX: GOLF; TEXAS TECH: GOLF; WATER CONSERVATION)

GOODNIGHT, CHARLES v. U.S. (Depositions, 1893-1901)

GOODWYN, DEACON WELVIN (Baseball) (Obit.) (See BLACKS)

GOODWYN, LATASHA (Gladewater, TX, VISTA volunteer)

GORDONE, CHARLES (Amarillo, TX, poet-playwright) (See also COWBOYS)

GOURDINE, MEREDITH (See BLACKS)

GOVENAR, ALAN (photo-historian, founder of Documentary Arts, Inc.)

GRANBERRY, JAMES H.

GRAVELY, SAMUEL JR. (ADM.) (See BLACKS #2)

GRAVES, CHARLIE (Goodnight cowboy) (See GOODNIGHT, CHARLES v. U.S.)

GRAVES, ADA (Mrs.) (Lubbock, TX)

GRAVES, LUCILLE S. (Dr.) (1st TTU black graduate student)

GRAY, JERRY (NFL player-coach)

GREAT PLAINS BLACK HISTORY MUSEUM (NB) (See BLACKS #1)

GREEN, BOBBY (TTU engineering faculty)

GREEN, JAMAAL (See BORDER PATROL)

GREEN, JEREMY (See also LUBBOCK, TX: COTTON KINGS; LUBBOCK, TX: JUNETEENTH)

GREENBERG, HERBERT (See also dissertation on school segregation)

GRIERSON, BENJAMIN HENRY (Gen.)

GRIERSON FAMILY GENEALOGY (See GRIERSON, BENJAMIN HENRY [Gen.])

GRIFFIN, EDDIE G. (Fort Worth, TX, activist)

GRIFFIN, GEORGE, III (Lubbock, TX, historian, TTU alumnus)

GRIFFIN, LUIS GEORGE SR. (Levelland, TX)

GRIFFIN, ROBERT III (Heisman winner at Baylor U.) (See BAYLOR UNIVERSITY: SPORTS; FOOTBALL: PEOPLE)

GRIFFIN, VIRGIL LEE (Obit) (See KU KLUX KLAN)

GUADALUPE POTTERY (See BLACKS IN TEXAS)

GUM, FLORENCE (Lubbock, TX, legal secretary)

GWALTNEY, BILL (National Parks interpreter) (See BLACKS IN TEXAS #2; BUFFALO SOLDIERS)

H. WILSON & CO. (See BLACKS IN TEXAS)

HABITAT FOR HUMANITY (National) (See also LUBBOCK, TX: HABITAT FOR HUMANITY; TEXAS TECH: HABITAT FOR HUMANITY)

HALE COUNTY, TX (See also BLACKS IN TEXAS)

HALEY, ALEX (author)

HALEY, J. EVETTS (See also BIGGERS, DON HAMPTON)

HALL, PATRICIA (Obit.) (Houston petroleum geologist) (See BLACKS IN TEXAS)

HALSELL, GRACE (author)

HAMILTON, JEFFERSON (San Houston slave) (See BLACKS IN TEXAS)

HAMPTON, HOWARD

HAMPTON FAMILY GENEALOGY (See HAMPTON, JOHN HOWARD PAPERS)

HANKINS, GROVER GLENN (Obit.) (Houston NAACP attorney) (See BLACKS IN TEXAS #2)

HARGIS, JOHN W. (1st black UT grad.) (See BLACKS IN TEXAS #2)

HARMON FOUNDATION (portraits) (See BLACKS #2)

HARPER, SONJA (Lubbock, TX)

HARRIS, ARLENE (Lubbock, TX)

HARRIS, ASYA (Lubbock, TX)

Harris, Bernard, M. D.

HARRIS, BERNARD, JR.

HARRIS, E. LYNN (Author) (Obit.) (See BLACKS #2)

HARRIS, FLOYD (Lubbock, TX)

HARRIS, JAMES (See BLACKS)

HARRIS, VERNON BROWN (Lubbock, TX)

HARVEY, MARTIN LUTHER (See BLACKS)

HAWKINS, BILLY C. (Dr.) (college president) (See BLACKS IN TEXAS)

HAWKINS, RONNIE D., JR. (San Angelo, TX) (See BUFFALO SOLDIERS)

HAYES, BOB (See FOOTBALL)

HAYES, ISAAC (Memphis, TN, saxophonist) (Obit.) (See MUSIC: RHYTHM AND BLUES)

HAYNES, FREDERICK III (REV.) (Dallas NAACP) (See BLACKS IN TEXAS)

HAYNES, W. DAVID (Bishop) (See also LUBBOCK, TX: CHRIST TEMPLE CHURCH OF GOD IN CHRIST; LUBBOCK, TX: EAST LUBBOCK)

HEARN, CLEO (See BLACKS, COWBOY; RODEOS)

HEGGINS, ELSIE FAYE (Dallas, TX, councilor)

HENDERSON, CHESTER A. (Lubbock, TX) (Obit.) (See VETERANS: VIETNAM CONFLICT)

HENDERSON, ED (Lubbock, TX, first black firefighter)

HENDERSON, EDMOND II (Lubbock, TX)

HENDERSON, LaVONDA (See LUBBOCK, TX: ESTACADO HIGH SCHOOL)

HENDERSON, RUBYE (Author, black history Hale Co.) (See BLACKS IN TEXAS #2)

HENDERSON, WILLIAM HENRY (WILL) (Abilene, TX)

HENDRIX, CHARLIE (Lubbock, TX) (Obit.) (See VETERANS: VIETNAM CONFLICT)

HENLEY, RA'JON (See TEXAS TECH: FOOTBALL PLAYERS)

HENRY, CHARLES E. (Dr.) (TTU medical school faculty)

HENRY, WAYMON (Mr. & Mrs.) (Lubbock, TX)

HENSLEY, RA'JON (See TEXAS TECH: FOOTBALL PLAYERS)

HEREFORD, WALTER (Mr. & Mrs.) (Lubbock, TX)

HIBBLER, STEPHANIE (Lubbock, TX)

HICKMAN, R. C. (RUFUS CORNELIUS) (Obit.) (Dallas) (See BLACKS IN TEXAS #1; PHOTOGRAPHERS)

HICKS, KATIE (See LUBBOCK, TX: BLACKS; LUBBOCK, TX: JUNETEENTH)

HIGHWATER, JAMAKE

HILL, DAMON H., SR. "PROF" (For obit. See LUBBOCK, TX: BLACKS)

HILL, JESSE, JR. (See BLACKS)

HILL, OLIVER W. (Civil rights lawyer VA) (Obit.) (See BLACKS #1)

HINES, ANTHONY (See also TEXAS TECH: FOOTBALL)

Hines, Carrie P. (Amarillo black historian, clubwoman)

HOLDEN, FRANCES (See also WRIGHT, RICHARD [Author])

HOLDER, ERIC (Nation's first Black Attorney General)

HOLLAND, MILTON M. (1st Texan Medal of Honor winner) (See BLACKS IN TEXAS)

HOLLIDAY, C. A. (Rev.) & MARIE (See FORT WORTH, TX: BUSINESSES)

Hollins, Rev. O. D.

HOLLOWAY, ERNEST (Dr.) (See LANGSTON UNIVERSITY)

HOLLYWOOD BEARCATS (Port Arthur, TX, blues band)

HOLMES, NAPOLEON (Lubbock, TX, contractor)

HOLMES, ZAN W., JR. (Rev.) (See BLACKS IN TEXAS)

HOOKS, MATTHEW "BONES " (See also FORT WORTH, TX: NATIONAL COWBOYS OF COLOR MUSEUM AND HALL OF FAME)

HOPKINS, SAM "LIGHTNIN" (Musician)

HORTON, RIKKI (Lubbock, TX, musician) (See MUSIC: RHYTHM AND BLUES [Element])

HOUSE, BOYCE (See BIGGERS, DON HAMPTON; SMITH, FAIRY GEORGE)

HOUSTON COUNTY, TX (See also FORT BROWN, TX; GILLETTE BROTHERS; GRAPELAND, TX: GRAPELAND MESSENGER; LOVELADY, TX: LOVELADY ENTERPRISE; TEXAS: COURTHOUSES)

HOUSTON, JOSHUA (Walker County, TX, slave-county commissioner) (See HOUSTON, MARGARET; HOUSTON, SAM)

HOUSTON, MARGARET (Mrs. SAM)

HOUSTON, SAM (TX Pres., U.S. Sen.) (See also BREWSTER, HENRY PERCY; FORT BELKNAP, TX; HOUSTON, MARGARET; SAN JACINTO, BATTLE OF; TEXAS: CIVIL WAR; TURNER, WAYNE)

HOUSTON, SAMUEL WALKER (educator, son of Sam Houston slave) (See BLACKS IN TEXAS)

HOUSTON, TX: ST. AUGUSTINE'S EPISCOPAL CHURCH (See BLACKS IN TEXAS)

HOWARD, JAMES (See LUBBOCK, TX: BLACKS)

HOWARD, RENETTA (Lubbock, TX, teacher)

HOWARD, THOMAS, JR. (KEESSEE) (Lubbock, TX, NFL player)

HOWARD UNIVERSITY: MOORLAND-SPINGARN RESEARCH CENTER (Washington, DC)

HUDSON, CAMELLIA (black Ice Capades skater Dallas) (See BLACKS IN TEXAS #2)

HUDSON, HENRY C. (NAACP official(See BLACKS)

HUDSON, JENNIFER (Singer) (See BLACKS #2)

HUGHES, CATHY (See BLACKS)

HUGHES, GEORGE (See BLACKS IN TEXAS)

HULING, SAMUEL (Obit.) (Brownwood ex-slave) (See BLACKS IN TEXAS #2)

HUNT, ANNIE MAE (Dallas, TX, author)

HUNTER, PETTY (Abilene NAACP) (See BLACKS IN TEXAS)

IKARD, BOSE (See also BLACKS, COWBOY; GOODNIGHT, CHARLES v. U.S)

IKARD, MILTON

ILES, ELLA (See also LUBBOCK, TX: BLACKS; LUBBOCK, TX: LUBBOCK INDEPENDENT SCHOOL DISTRICT)

ILES, OSCAR M.

INGRAM, JESS C. (TTU psychology faculty)

INTEGRATION (See also BLACKS #1, #2; BLACKS IN TEXAS; JOHNSON, THOMAS, PAPERS [LAWSUITS]; SEGREGATION)

ISHII-ETO, KIMBO (See AMARILLO, TX: AMARILLO SYMPHONY)

J. M. WILSON POTTERY (See BLACKS IN TEXAS)

JACKSON, ANDREW WEBSTER (Author, Black historian) (See BLACKS IN TEXAS #1)

JACKSON, ARLEE (Lubbock, TX)

JACKSON, C. A. (Okmulgee, OK, educator)

JACKSON, JAMES THOMAS (Houston, TX) (See COMMUNITY LIFE: TX AND SOUTHWEST)

JACKSON, HARZELL (See BLACKS IN TEXAS)

JACKSON, GERALD (Rev.) (Lubbock, TX) (See AUTHORS)

JACKSON, HENRY (Rev.) (Obit.) (See BLACKS IN TEXAS) (First Black superintendent in a Texas school district)

JACKSON, JAMES E. (VA activist-agitator) (See BLACKS #1)

JACKSON, JOYCE (TTU alumnus) (See Ph.D. PROJECT)

JACKSON, MAE J. (Dr.) (Waco mayor) (See BLACKS IN TEXAS)

JACOBY, FRED (Richardson, TX, Southwest Conference official)

JAKES, T. D. (Bishop) (See BLACKS IN TEXAS)

JAMES, DANIEL, JR. "CHAPPIE" [First Black four-star General) (See BLACKS #2)

JAMISON FAMILY (See BLACKS IN TEXAS)

JAMISON, T. S. (See LUBBOCK, TX: EAST LUBBOCK)

JAMISON, MACK (Lubbock, TX)

JAMISON, MARTIN (See also LUBBOCK, TX: MAHON LIBRARY)

JAMISON, THEODORE S.

JARRETT, BRENDA (United Way coordinator) (See WICHITA FALLS, TX: PEOPLE)

JAY-Z (See MUSIC: RAP)

JEFFERSON, ANDREW L., JR. (Judge) (Obit.) (See BLACKS IN TEXAS) (1st Harris County black state judge)

JEFFERSON, WALLACE (Judge) (1st black TX Supreme Court justice & chief justice) (See BLACKS IN TEXAS #2)

JEFFREY, MADAME BIRDIE PETERS (See BLACKS IN TEXAS)

JENNINGS, JEROME "J. J." (Golf) (See BLACKS IN TEXAS)

JERNIGAN, ALEX ROBERT (RR boilermaker, WWI France veteran) (See BLACKS IN TEXAS #2)

JOE CITY (Rapper) (See LUBBOCK, TX: RAP MUSIC)

JOHNS, DUDLEY (TTU mailman, murder victim)

JOHNSON, ALPHONSO P. (See BLACKS IN TEXAS)

JOHNSON, BEN (Actor) (See ENTERTAINERS--OKLAHOMA)

JOHNSON, BEVERLY (See BLACKS)

JOHNSON, BILLY RAY (See RACISIM)

JOHNSON, BRITT (Young County, TX) (US Army black scout d. 1871) (See also CREATION, JOHN; ELKINS, JOHN M. [Capt.])

JOHNSON, CANDIDA (Lubbock, TX, journalist)

JOHNSON, CECIL (Fort Worth, TX, journalist)

JOHNSON, CHARLES (Goodnight cowboy) (See GOODNIGHT, CHARLES v. U.S)

JOHNSON, CHARLIE MAE (See LUBBOCK, TX: BETHEL A.M.E. CHURCH)

JOHNSON, CYNTHIA (Wichita Falls, TX, TWU faculty) (See PUBLIC HEALTH: TEXAS)

JOHNSON, EULA GANDY (FL NAACP activist) (See BLACKS)

JOHNSON, HEENAN, JR. (Dr.) (See also LUBBOCK, TX: BLACK HISTORY MONTH; LUBBOCK, TX: EAST LUBBOCK; TEXAS TECH: BLACK FACULTY AND STAFF ASSOCIATION)

JOHNSON, HENRY C. (City councilor) (See LAMESA, TX)

JOHNSON, JACK (Galveston, TX, world champion) (See also BOXING: SOUTHWEST)

JOHNSON, JOHN H. (Jet Publisher) (Obit) (See BLACKS #2)

JOHNSON, KATHERINE (See BLACKS)

JOHNSON, NaTALIA (Lubbock, TX, dancer)

JOHNSON, R. D. (Obit.) (See LUBBOCK, TX: BLACKS)

JOHNSON, ROBERT (Musician)

JOHNSON, RUFUS WINFIELD (Lt. Col.) & VAUNDA LOUISE (Kerrville, TX, attorney)

JOHNSON, SEEMA (Lubbock, TX)

JOHNSON, THELMA (See BLACKS IN TEXAS)

JOHNSON, VIRGIL (Lubbock, TX, doo-wop musician/principal) (See also LUBBOCK, TX: LUBBOCK INDEPENDENT SCHOOL DISTRICT; LUBBOCK, TX: PEOPLE; VELVETS)

JOHNSON, WILL (Midland, TX, ex-slave)

JOINER, JOHN (CHICAGO JOHN) (Lubbock, TX, drummer) (See MUSIC: RHYTHM AND BLUES [Element])

JONES, ALYCE & MELANIE (Retailers) (See FORT WORTH, TX: BUSINESSES)

JONES, CHRIS (City councilor) (See SAN MARCOS, TX)

JONES, FREDERICK M. (See BLACKS)

JONES, JAMES WELDON (Lubbock, TX) (Obit.) (See VETERANS: VIETNAM CONFLICT)

JONES, JOHNNY (LAM) (Lampasas, TX, Olympic medalist)

JONES, LOU (Photographer) (See SOUTHWEST COLLECTION)

JONES, LOUIS (See BLACKS IN TEXAS)

JONES, SARAH (See also BLACKS IN TEXAS)

JONES, STEPHANIE TUBBS (Obit.) (See BLACKS)

JORDAN, BARBARA (U.S. Representative)

JORDAN, CAROLYN

JORDAN, GEORGE (Sgt., Medal of Honor 1890) (See BLACKS #2)

JORDAN, JENNIE (See BLACKS IN TEXAS)

JOSEY, E. J. (Librarian) (See BLACKS #2)

JOYNER, TOM (Dallas radio host) (See BLACKS IN TEXAS #2)

JUNETEENTH (See also BLACKS IN TEXAS; CRADDOCK, LEMUEL; LIMESTONE COUNTY, TX; LUBBOCK, TX: JUNETEENTH; SAINT JOHN COLONY, TX)

JUSTICE, WILLIAM WAYNE (Judge)

KANSAS (See also CORNISH, DUDLEY TAYLOR on Negro regiments in Civil War)

KELLEY, LOUIS A. (Lubbock, TX, football coach) (See also Papers 1959-2001)

KELLY, ULYSSES (See LUBBOCK, TX: BLACKS)

KEMP, O. J. (First black ISD athletic dir.) (See ARLINGTON, TX: PEOPLE)

KENNEDY, MIKE (See SWOOPES, SHERYL)

KEYS, ORA JEAN W. (See LUBBOCK, TX: BETHEL A.M.E. CHURCH)

KIDD, FOSTER (1st black Texas dentist) (See BLACKS IN TEXAS #2)

KIMBRO, WARREN (Obit. Black Panther CT) (See BLACKS #1)

KING, B. B. (See MUSIC: RHYTHM AND BLUES)

KINCHELOE, ROSS (Haskell County, TX) (See COWBOY COOKING; ERICSON, JOE)

KING, MARTIN LUTHER, SR.

KING, MARTIN LUTHER, JR. (Dr.) (See also TEXAS TECH: ALPHA PHI ALPHA)

KING, MARTIN LUTHER, III (See LUBBOCK, TX: BLACKS)

KING, MARTIN LUTHER - HOLIDAY

KINGSLEY, HAROLD M. (Rev.) (See BLACKS)

KIPYEGO, SALLY (TTU Track) (See also KIMAYO, IRENE; LUBBOCK, TX: YWCA)

KIRK, RON (Dallas, TX, mayor) (See also CISNEROS, HENRY)

KIRKALDY, IRENE MORGAN (Obit. VA civil rights pioneer) (See BLACKS #1)

KITT, EARTHA (Singer) (Obit.) (See BLACKS #2)

KU KLUX KLAN (KKK) (See also COCHRAN, ROSS; DAVIS, DARYL [Author]; DISCRIMINATION; EASTLAND, TX; GLOVER, BARBARA KAY; HAMILTON, ROBERT; RACISM; SPILLER, WAYNE; See also FLEWELLEN, L. H., Papers; See also BIGGERS, DON at [Biggers]; GREGORY T. W., Microfilm G823; NEWBURY, JOYCE DONNELL Microfilm N535 [Forrest Kyle])

KU KLUX KLAN: AMARILLO, TX (For details click [KKK])

KU KLUX KLAN IN TEXAS (See ABILENE, TX; AMARILLO, TX; BALDWIN, CHARLIE; BRADY, TX; BRENHAM, TX; BROWN BERETS; BURKETT, TX; EASTLAND, TX; ESTES, N. A.; FAIR, MORRIS; FREESTONE COUNTY, TX; HOCKLEY COUNTY, TX; HOWE, GENE; LIMESTONE COUNTY, TX; LUBBOCK, TX: KU KLUX KLAN: LUBBOCK CHAPTER; MAYFIELD, EARLE B.; MEMPHIS, TX; RACISM [Louis Beam]; SLATON, TX; SLATON, TX: SLATON SLATONITE; SMITH, A. FRANK; SPILLER, WAYNE; STEPHENVILLE, TX; See also HOWSLEY, W. D. Papers 1873-1932 & Microfilm H866; PRUITT, NICK honors research)

KWANZAA

LACY, MOZELLE M. "AUNT SNOW" (Obit.) (See LUBBOCK, TX: BLACKS)

LADD, JERROLD (Dallas, TX) (See AUTHORS: TEXAS)

LANE, CARLANDIS (Lubbock, TX)

LANGSTON UNIVERSITY (Langston, OK)

LARISSA COLLEGE (See COLLEGES; JACKSONVILLE, TX)

LARISSA, TX (See BLACKS IN TEXAS; CHEROKEE COUNTY, TX; COLLEGES)

LATIMER, LEWIS H. (See BLACKS)

LAVALLADE, CARMEN DE (See BLACKS)

LEAL, CARMELA (See Microfilm L435 for Sources Documenting the Black in Texas, 1603-1803)

LEALI, BRAD (See LUBBOCK, TX: BLACK HISTORY MONTH)

LEDBETTER, HUDIE (LEADBELLY)

LELAND, MICKEY (U.S. Representative) (See also HANCE, KENT)

LEMMONS, BOB (See BLACKS IN TEXAS; DIMMIT COUNTY, TX)

LeVIAS, JERRY [FIRST AFRICAN-AMERICAN SCHOLARSHIP FOOTBALL PLAYER IN THE SOUTHWEST CONFERENCE)

LEWIS, ELLA (Lubbock, TX)

LEWIS, JAMES ROY (Publisher) (Obit.)

LEWIS, DETRON (See TEXAS TECH: FOOTBALL PLAYERS)

LEWIS, RODNEY, JR. (Lubbock, TX, attorney)

LEWIS SISTERS' REUNION (Lubbock, TX)

LIMBRICK, FLORENCE BRONSON (See LUBBOCK, TX: BETHEL A M E CHURCH)

LINDEN, TX (See RACISM)

LINDER, NELSON (Austin, TX, insurance agent, NAACP pres.)

LINDSEY, FELIX (Wichita Falls, TX) (See BUFFALO SOLDIERS)

LIPSCOMB, AL (City councilor) (See DALLAS, TX: PEOPLE)

LITTLE, JOYCE (See BLACKS IN TEXAS)

LOCKE FAMILY REUNION (Lubbock, TX)

LOCKE, WILBERT (Lubbock, TX)

LOGAN, BURLYCE SHERRELL (Denton, TX) (See TEXAS: HIGHER EDUCATION)

LOGAN, EDDIE (Obit.) (See BLACKS)

LOGAN, GREENBERRY/GREENBURY (TX Revolution veteran) (See BLACKS IN TEXAS; GENERAL LAND OFFICE)

LOGGINS, RAYMOND E. (Lubbock, TX, author)

LOGGINS, WILLIE LEVI (Obit.) (See LUBBOCK, TX: BLACKS)

LONG, ADRIENNE (Lubbock, TX, TTU staff)

LONG, BERT (Houston, TX, painter) (See ART: TEXAS)

LONG, JO (SATX musician b. Lubbock) (See BLACKS IN TEXAS)

Long, Odessa

LONGE, GEORGE (See BLACKS)

LONGORIA, FRANK (See LUBBOCK, TX: ROOTS HISTORICAL ARTS COUNCIL)

"LOST EXPEDITION" (See BLACKS IN TEXAS; LUBBOCK, TX: BLACKS; LUBBOCK, TX: ROOTS HISTORICAL ARTS COUNCIL [LRHAC]; NOLAN, NICHOLAS)

"LOST NIGGER EXPEDITION OF 1877" (See "LOST EXPEDITION")

LOUD, EMMA JOHNSON (See LUBBOCK, TX: ALPHA KAPPA ALPHA SORORITY, INC.)

LOVE, CHARLES NORVELL "C. N." (publisher, Texas Freeman) (See BLACKS IN TEXAS)

LOVE, NATE “Deadwood Dick” (See BLACKS, COWBOY; COWBOYS)

LOVEJOY, ELIJAH P.

LOVINGS, FRANKLIN L. (M.D.)

LUBBOCK AREA BASKETBALL

LUBBOCK AREA BOXING (See LUBBOCK, TX: BOXING)

LUBBOCK AREA CAR CLUBS

LUBBOCK AREA FOOTBALL

LUBBOCK HISTORICAL RESOURCES (See LUBBOCK, TX: LUBBOCK HISTORICAL RESOURCES)

LUBBOCK HUBBERS (See LUBBOCK, TX: LUBBOCK HUBBERS; LUBBOCK, TX: BLACK HUBBERS)

LUBBOCK, TX: AFRICAN AMERICAN HISTORY MONTH (See: LUBBOCK, TX: BLACK HISTORY MONTH)

LUBBOCK, TX: AFRICAN AMERICANS (See LUBBOCK, TX: BLACKS)

LUBBOCK, TX: AFRICAN AMERICAN LEGENDS AND LEGACIES (See LUBBOCK, TX: BLACKS)

LUBBOCK, TX: AGAPE TEMPLE CHURCH OF GOD IN CHRIST

LUBBOCK, TX: ALPHA KAPPA ALPHA SORORITY, INC.

LUBBOCK, TX: AMERICAN LEGION BOOKER T. WASHINGTON POST 808 (See LUBBOCK, TX: AMERICAN LEGION AUXILIARY)

LUBBOCK, TX: BETHEL A M E CHURCH

LUBBOCK, TX: BLACK CHAMBER OF ENTREPRENEURS (LBCE)

LUBBOCK, TX: BLACK HISTORY MONTH

LUBBOCK, TX: BLACK HUBBERS

LUBBOCK, TX: BLACKS (See also ARTHUR, LANE AND NANCY; LUBBOCK, TX: LUBBOCK BLACK CULTURAL & HERITAGE CENTER; LUBBOCK, TX: EAST LUBBOCK; LUBBOCK, TX: BLACK HUBBERS; LUBBOCK, TX: MSAIDIA HISTORICAL & CULTURAL ARTS MUSEUM; TAYLOR, WAYNE)

LUBBOCK, TX: CARVER HEIGHTS (NEWSPAPER) (See LUBBOCK, TX: BLACKS)

LUBBOCK, TX: CAVIEL'S PHARMACY

LUBBOCK, TX: CEMETERIES

LUBBOCK, TX: CHATMAN CLINIC

UBBOCK, TX: CHATMAN HILL (See also LUBBOCK, TX: EAST LUBBOCK)

LUBBOCK, TX: CHERRY POINT

LUBBOCK, TX: CHURCH OF GOD IN CHRIST

LUBBOCK, TX: CITY CEMETERY

LUBBOCK, TX: COMMUNITY ACTION BOARD (See ANDERSON, BETTY [Mrs. JOHN A.])

LUBBOCK, TX: COMMUNITY FACILITIES SUBCOMMITTEE (See ANDERSON, BETTY [Mrs. JOHN A.])

LUBBOCK, TX: CONCERNED CITIZENS OF LUBBOCK (See also ANDERSON, BETTY [Mrs. JOHN A.]; LUBBOCK, TX: SINGLE MEMBER DISTRICT DISCRIMINATION SUIT)

LUBBOCK, TX: CROWN OF ETERNAL LIFE CHURCH

LUBBOCK, TX: DESEGREGATION (See LUBBOCK, TX: SEGREGATION)

LUBBOCK, TX: DIVERSITY CONFERENCE

LUBBOCK, TX: DUNBAR HIGH SCHOOL [PAUL LAWRENCE DUNBAR JUNIOR- SENIOR HIGH SCHOOL] (See also LUBBOCK, TX: EAST LUBBOCK; SCOTT, GEORGE, JR.)

LUBBOCK, TX: DUNBAR MANHATTAN HEIGHTS NEIGHBORHOOD ASSOCIATION (See LUBBOCK, TX: EAST LUBBOCK)

LUBBOCK, TX: DUNBAR MIDDLE SCHOOL (See also ANDERSON, DAVID; LUBBOCK, TX: EAST LUBBOCK)

LUBBOCK, TX: DUNBAR-STRUGGS HIGH SCHOOL (See ANDERSON, DAVID; LUBBOCK, TX: LUBBOCK ISD)

LUBBOCK, TX: EAST LUBBOCK (See also CHATMAN, HAROLD; CHATMAN, J. A. [M.D]; GARNETT, ISAAC; GRAVES, LUCILLE S.; GRAY, JERRY; HILL, DAMON H., SR.; ILES, ELLA; KELLEY, LOUIS A.; LUBBOCK, TX: CRIME; LUBBOCK, TX: DUNBAR HIGH SCHOOL; LUBBOCK, TX: JUNETEENTH; LUBBOCK, TX: NORTH & EAST LUBBOCK COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT CORP.; LUBBOCK, TX: SINGLE MEMBER DISTRICT DISCRIMINATION SUIT; PINKSTON, LOTTIE; PRICE, FLOYD; ROCQUEMORE, EUGENE; SCOTT, GEORGE, JR.; STRUGGS, EDWARD CECIL; STRUGGS, LILLIAN C. PORTER; See also KELLEY, LOUIS A. Papers 1959-2001; SIMMONS, MAE Microfilm S592 for Scrapbooks 1943-1977; See photos at SWCPC 57 [K] E10 [1930-1972])

LUBBOCK, TX: EAST LUBBOCK EARLY SETTLERS REUNION (See LUBBOCK, TX: BLACKS)

LUBBOCK, TX: EDDIE RICHARDSON CENTER

LUBBOCK, TX: FAITH ASSEMBLY OF GOD (Church)

LUBBOCK, TX: FEDERATION OF CHOIRS

LUBBOCK, TX: INTEGRATION (See GAINES, A. GENE; JORDAN, DAVID B.; LUBBOCK, TX: LUBBOCK INDEPENDENT SCHOOL DISTRICT; LUBBOCK, TX: SINGLE MEMBER DISTRICT DISCRIMINATION SUIT; See ARTHUR, LANE AND NANCY Collection [Arthur] and Microfilm A788; BENSON, DANIEL H., Collection and Microfilm; JOHNSON, THOMAS Papers [Lawsuits]; See bibliography in SEGREGATION; See photos at SWCPC 792 E1)

LUBBOCK, TX: JUNETEENTH (See also JUNETEENTH)

LUBBOCK, TX: KU KLUX KLAN: LUBBOCK CHAPTER

LUBBOCK, TX: LINCOLN-DOUGLASS DEBATE (See LUBBOCK, TX: BLACKS)

LUBBOCK, TX: LOST BATTALION

LUBBOCK, TX: LUBBOCK COLORED NURSERY (See WOODS, PERMILLA)

LUBBOCK, TX: LUBBOCK INDEPENDENT SCHOOL DISTRICT (See also AGUERO, BIDAL; ANDERSON, BETTY [Mrs. JOHN A.]; ARNOLD, JAMES D.;CALVERLEY, BRADLEY;CARMICHAEL, EMIL; CENSORSHIP; CLEMMONS, JACK; COCANOUGHER, GARY; FRENCH, ALICE; GAMMILL, CHESLEY DOYLE; GRIFFITH, THOMAS J.; HAVENS, WAYNE; JOHNSON, THOMAS,, PAPERS [LAWSUITS]; LOWREY, E. J. "PINKY"; LUBBOCK COUNTY, TX; LUBBOCK, TX: EDUCATION; LUBBOCK, TX: TAAP [TRANSITIONAL ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENT PROGRAM]; LUBBOCK, TEXAS: TAAS [TRANSITIONAL ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENT PROGRAM]; MATTHEWS, R. W.; MEDIANO, ROSE; MOSES, MIKE; NELSON, LOMAR; RAMIREZ, JOSE S.; WEAVER, GIB)

LUBBOCK, TX: LUBBOCK INTER-ETHNIC PARISH

LUBBOCK, TX: MARTIN LUTHER KING BOULEVARD (See LUBBOCK, TX: STREETS)

LUBBOCK, TX: MARTIN LUTHER KING COMMEMORATIVE COUNCIL OF LUBBOCK (See LUBBOCK, TX: MARTIN LUTHER KING DAY)

LUBBOCK, TX: MARTIN LUTHER KING DAY

LUBBOCK, TX: MARTIN LUTHER KING MONUMENT (See LUBBOCK, TX: BLACKS)

LUBBOCK, TX: MARTIN LUTHER KING SEVENTH DAY ADVENTIST CHURCH

LUBBOCK, TX: MOUNT GILEAD BAPTIST CHURCH (See also LUBBOCK, TX: BLACKS)

LUBBOCK, TX: MOUNT OLIVE FIRST MISSIONARY BAPTIST CHURCH

LUBBOCK, TX: MOUNT VERNON UNITED METHODIST CHURCH (See also LUBBOCK, TX: EAST LUBBOCK)

LUBBOCK, TX: MSAIDIA HISTORICAL & CULTURAL ARTS MUSEUM

LUBBOCK, TX: "NEGRO CEMETERY" (See GAINES, GENE A.; LUBBOCK, TX: BLACKS; LUBBOCK, TX: CEMETERIES)

LUBBOCK, TX: NEIGHBORHOOD ASSOCIATIONS (See also LUBBOCK, TX: individual neighborhood association name)

LUBBOCK, TX: 100 (ONE HUNDRED) BLACK MEN OF WEST TEXAS (See LUBBOCK, TX: BLACKS)

LUBBOCK, TX: PILGRIM BAPTIST CHURCH (See also LUBBOCK, TX: BLACKS)

LUBBOCK, TX: RACISM (See also LUBBOCK, TX: DIVERSITY CONFERENCE)

LUBBOCK, TX: RAP MUSIC

LUBBOCK, TX: SEGREGATION (See also ANDERSON, BETTY [Mrs. JOHN A.]; ARTHUR AND ARTHUR; ERVIN, JOAN; GAINES A. GENE; GRAVES, LUCILLE; LUBBOCK, TX: CAVAZOS JUNIOR HIGH SCHOOL; LUBBOCK, TX: LUBBOCK INDEPENDENT SCHOOL DISTRICT; LUBBOCK, TX: SINGLE MEMBER DISTRICT DISCRIMINATION SUIT; PATTERSON, T. J.; PRICE, FLOYD; RICHARDSON, EDDIE; TAYLOR, WAYNE; WOODS-HOLMES, VERNITA; See also ARTHUR, LANE AND NANCY Collection; See photos at SWCPC 792 E1)

LUBBOCK, TX: SINGLE MEMBER DISTRICT DISCRIMINATION SUIT (See also ARTHUR AND ARTHUR [Attorneys]; DOROW, TAVITA; GAINES, A. GENE; GARZA, TOMAS; LUBBOCK, TX: FIESTAS PATRIAS; RICHARDSON, MARY CHAVEZ; See also ARTHUR, LANE AND NANCY Collection [Arthur] and Microfilm A788; BENSON, DANIEL H., Collection and Microfilm; For photos see SWCPC 792 E1)

LUBBOCK, TX: SOUTHWEST DIGEST (NEWSPAPER)

LUBBOCK, TX: STUBBS BAR-B-Q

LUBBOCK, TX: TERANGA AFRICAN CUISINE

LUBBOCK, TX: VICTORY IN PRAISE CHRISTIAN FELLOWSHIP CHURCH

LUBBOCK, TX: VICTORY LIFE BAPTIST CHURCH

LUBBOCK, TX: WILLIE LUSK'S BOOT SHOP (See LUBBOCK, TX: LUSK'S BOOT SHOP)

LUPER, CLARA (Oklahoma City, OK) (See CIVIL RIGHTS)

LUSK FAMILY

LUSK, MILDRED R. (See also LUBBOCK, TX: BLACKS)

LUSK, WILLIE (See LUBBOCK, TX: BLACKS; LUBBOCK, TX: ROOTS HISTORICAL ARTS COUNCIL [LRHAC]; LUBBOCK, TX: LUSK'S BOOT SHOP; LUSK FAMILY)

LYNCHING (See also BLACKS IN TEXAS; BLAISDELL, LOWELL L., DR.; BRENHAM, TX; COMANCHE COUNTY, TX; COMANCHE, TX; CRADDOCK, THOMAS ELMORE; FREESTONE COUNTY, TX; KU KLUX KLAN; MARTINEZ, LEON; SHERMAN, TX; TILL, EMMETT)

Lyons, C., D.D.S.

McBRYAR, WILLIAM (Sgt.) (See BLACKS #2)

McCALISTER, LEE A. (Lamesa, TX, principal) (See DAWSON COUNTY, TX)

McCALLAN, L. J., Sr. (Lubbock, TX) (Obit.) (See VETERANS: VIETNAM CONFLICT)

McCLENNAN, JACK (Golf) (See BLACKS IN TEXAS)

McCLELLAND, BRANDON (See RACISM)

McCOY, CALDWELL (See BLACKS)

McCOY, ELIJAH (See BLACKS)

McCULLOUGH, SAMUEL (Freedman wounded at Goliad) (See BLACKS IN TEXAS #2)

McDADE, TX (See LYNCHING)

McDONALD, WILLIAM MADISON (GOOSENECK BILL) (Fort Worth, TX, hotelier-banker-politician)

McFALLS, WILLIAM (See BLUES BOY WILLIE [Musician])

McGAHA-GARNETT, VALERIE (Dr.) (TTU alumnus)

McJUNKIN, GEORGE (Clovis Culture discoverer) (See BLACKS, COWBOY)

McLAUGHLIN, CLARA (See BLACKS, FILM)

McLEMORE, WRIGHT (See LYNCHING)

McNEAL, STEFFERON DeSHAWN (Obit.) (See LUBBOCK, TX: BLACKS)

MAKEBA, MIRIAM (S. African musician) (See BLACKS #2)

MANLEY, EFFA (Newark Eagles owner in Negro League, 1st woman elected) (See BASEBALL HALL OF FAME)

MARION, MAE HARRIS (Austin civil rights activist) (Obit.) (See BLACKS IN TEXAS #2)

MARSHALL, GENERAL (Golf) (See BLACKS IN TEXAS)

MARSHALL, TX

MASON, J. B. (See LUBBOCK, TX: EAST LUBBOCK)

MATHIS, ANNIE MAE (Lubbock nurse) (See also BLACKS IN TEXAS #2)

MAXWELL, SHERMAN L. (Black sports broadcaster) (Obit.) (See JOURNALISTS)

MAYES, FRANK P. (Goodnight cook, Dallas patent medicine man) (See GOODNIGHT, CHARLES v. U.S.)

MAYES, PETE (Double Bayou, TX, singer) (Obit.) (See MUSIC: RHYTHM AND BLUES)

MAYFIELD, EARLE B. (U.S. Sen.) (See also KU KLUX KLAN; See also BIGGERS, DON HAMPTON Papers)

MAYHO, QUINCELLA (MARIE) (Lubbock, TX)

MAYO, JAMES HASKEL (Bishop) (See LUBBOCK, TX: BLACKS)

MAYS, ISAIAH (Cpl.) (See BLACKS #2)

McGREW, JENNIFER (Lubbock, TX)

McKINNON, CHINA (Lubbock, TX)

MEANS, BERTHA (Golf) (See BLACKS IN TEXAS)

MEASE, QUENTIN R. (Obit.) (Houston NAACP) (See BLACKS IN TEXAS)

MEAT PACKING INDUSTRY

MEDAL OF HONOR RECIPIENTS (See also BLACKS IN TEXAS; BUFFALO SOLDIERS; VETERANS: VIETNAM CONFLICT)

MEDLOW, JUNIOR (Larry Williams, Musician, Cobras) (See also HAGGARD, MERLE)

MERCER, MYA (See LUBBOCK, TX: WHEATLEY ELEMENTARY SCHOOL)

MERRITT, CAMERON AND CULLEN (See also LUBBOCK, TX: HEROES)

MERRITT, WANDA (Lubbock, TX, U.S. HUD)

MERRIWEATHER, VIRGIL LEE, JR. (Lubbock, TX) (Obit.) (See VETERANS: VIETNAM CONFLICT)

MESINGER, MAXINE (See HOUSTON, TX)

MIDLAND COUNTY, TX: KU KLUX KLAN (See KU KLUX KLAN IN TEXAS)

MILLER, DORIS (See also BLACKS)

MILLS, C. WRIGHT (See AUTHORS: SOUTHWEST)

MILTON, SAKI (college prep instructor) (See BLACKS IN TEXAS)

MINORITIES (See also DIVERSITY)

MINTER AND REED REUNION

MISSIONARIES OF THE GOSPEL OF LIFE (See AMARILLO, TX)

MR. MAGIC (Disc jockey) (Obit.) (See BLACKS)

MITCHELL-BROOKS, BEVERLY (Dallas Urban League) (See BLACKS IN TEXAS)

MOHAMMED, W. D. (Chicago Imam) (See BLACKS #2)

MONCURE, RHYMES H., JR. (Dallas Bishop) (See BLACKS IN TEXAS #2; METHODIST CHURCH)

MONTGOMERY, REGGIE (Dallas theater) (See BLACKS IN TEXAS #2)

MOODY, DAN (See also BIGGERS, DON HAMPTON; CARTER, AMON GILES)

MOORE, DESMA (Lubbock, TX, musician)

MOORE, DONNIE (Lubbock, TX, MLB pitcher)

MOORE, LILLIAN (See CROSBY COUNTY, TX)

MOORE, ROSIE LEE (AUNT JEMIMA) (See HEARNE, TX)

MORGAN, GARRETT A. (See BLACKS)

MORGAN, JONES (See also BUFFALO SOLDIERS)

MORRIEL, VETA (Lubbock, TX)

MORRISON, B. J. III (Lubbock, TX) (See also BLACKS, COWBOY)

MOTLEY, HENRY (Goodnight cowboy) (See GOODNIGHT, CHARLES v. U.S.)

MORTON, AZIE TAYLOR (1st Black US Secretary of Treasury) (Obit.) (See BLACKS IN TEXAS)

MOTEN, FRED (Golf) (See BLACKS IN TEXAS)

MOTON, BILLY R. (Rev.) (See LUBBOCK, TX: EAST LUBBOCK)

MOUNT HOREB BAPTIST CHURCH

MUDDY CREEK CLAN (Dallas Calloway-Johnson family) (See BLACKS IN TEXAS #2)

MULLINS, GEORGE GATEWOOD (See BLACKS #2)

MURPHY, HARRIET (Golf) (See BLACKS IN TEXAS)

Murphy, Stensland

MUSIC: BLUES (See MUSIC: RHYTHM AND BLUES)

MUSIC: FOLK (See also ABERNATHY, FRANCES E. "AB" [Dr.]; FOLKLORE; JAZZ; INDIANA UNIVERSITY: ARCHIVES OF TRADITIONAL MUSIC; LUBBOCK, TX: SOUTH PLAINS FOLK MUSIC SOCIETY; SAN ANGELO, TX: PEOPLE)

MUSIC: GOSPEL (See also CROUCH, ANDRE)

MUSIC: JAZZ (See JAZZ)

MUSIC: RAP (See also INDIANS: MUSIC; LUBBOCK, TX: RAP MUSIC)

MUSIC: REGGAE

MUSIC: RELIGIOUS

MUSIC: RHYTHM AND BLUES

MUSIC: ROCK

MUSIC: SECULAR

MUSIC: SOUTHWEST

MUSLIMS (See also RAMADAN)

MUSLIMS: TEXAS (See also ABILENE, TX [Baha’i]; AMOR, AHLAM; ARABS IN TEXAS; ARLINGTON, TX: BUILDINGS; ARLINGTON, TX: PEOPLE; AUSTIN, TX: PEOPLE [Islam Mossad]; COLMER-HAMOOD, JANE [Dr.]; IMMIGRATION: TEXAS; INDIANS [ASIAN] IN TEXAS; ISLAM, EBTESAM ATTAYA; KATY, TX; MOSSAD, ISLAM [Imam]; TURKS IN TEXAS)

MYERS, PAULINE (Actress)

N'DIAYE, FATOU (See LUBBOCK, TX: LUBBOCK HAWKS)

NAACP (National Association for the Advancement of Colored People) (See also AMIN, JULIUS; BLACKS; BLACKS IN TEXAS; CRAFT, JUANITA JEWEL; HOWARD, RENETTA; LINDER, NELSON; LUBBOCK, TX: BLACKS; PENNS, ANDREW)

NACOGDOCHES COUNTY, TX: FREEDMAN SETTLEMENT (See BLACKS IN TEXAS)

NASH, BOB (ROBERT A.) (Buffalo soldiers)

NASH, DOROTHY (See LUBBOCK, TX: BETHEL A.M.E. CHURCH)

NASH, SUNNY (Author) (See BLACKS IN TEXAS #2)

NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF HUMAN RIGHTS WORKERS (ARCHIVES) (See BLACKS)

NATIONAL COWBOYS OF COLOR MUSEUM AND HALL OF FAME (See FORT WORTH, TX: NATIONAL COWBOYS OF COLOR MUSEUM & HALL OF FAME)

NATIONAL MUSEUM OF AFRICAN AMERICAN HISTORY AND CULTURE (Smithsonian Institution DC) (See BLACKS)

NDIAYE, BOUBACAR JOSEPH (Obit) (See SLAVERY)

NEAL, RUBY (See LUBBOCK, TX: BETHEL A.M.E. CHURCH)

NEGRO EDUCATORS - OKMULGEE, OK (See JACKSON, C. A.)

"NEGRO AS AN AMERICAN" PAMPHLET (See BLACKS #2)

NEGRO LEAGUE (Baseball) (See BASEBALL HALL OF FAME; COOPER, A. L.; CRAFT, JERRY; DOBY, LARRY; GOODWYN, DEACON WELVIN; FORTIN, JOE; GRZYWACZ, STAN; HASSE, WARREN; MIDDLETON, WAYNE [LEFTY]; O'NEIL, JOHN JORDAN [BUCK]; PALMER, I. B.; SULLIVAN, JACKIE; TAYLOR, JAY)

NEGRO NATIONAL ANTHEM (See BLACKS)

“NEGRO ROY” [PHOTO] (See BLACKS, COWBOY; JONES, ADD manuscript)

NEGROES (See BLACKS; AFRICAN AMERICANS)

NELSON, JIMMY (T-99) (Houston, TX, singer) (Obit.) (See MUSIC: RHYTHM AND BLUES)

NEW MEXICO (See BLACKS #1: Exerlona Bramlett, Francis Boyer)

NEW YORK: APOLLO THEATER ORAL HISTORY PROJECT (See BLACKS #1)

NEW YORK CITY, 1863

NEWMAN, DAVID "FATHEAD" (Obit.) (musician) (See JAZZ)

NEWMAN, DELIA RAINWATER "BIG MOMMA"

NICHOLS, DENISE (See BLACKS)

NIGGER ADD (See Photo D9.3A in GRACY, DAVID C. [Mrs.] Collection)

NIGGER HILL (See NOLAN, NICHOLAS)

NIGGER JIM (See PERRY, JIM; BLACKS, COWBOY)

NOLAN, NICHOLAS (Captain) (See also COLLINSON, FRANK; "LOST EXPEDITION"; LUBBOCK, TX: BLACKS; LUBBOCK, TX: ROOTS HISTORICAL ARTS COUNCIL [LRHAC])

OAKS, EARL (TTU alumnus, attorney)

OBAMA, BARAK HUSSEIN (Pres.) (See BLACKS #1)

ODETTA (Obit.) (See MUSIC: FOLK)

OLAJUWON, HAKEEM (Basketball)

Oliver, Joel Peter, M.D.

O'NEIL, JOHN JORDAN (BUCK) (Negro League baseball) (See BLACKS)

OVERSTREET, LaTONYA (Author)

OVERTON, VOLMA, SR. (Civil rights leader) (See BLACKS IN TEXAS)

OVERTON, WARNETA (Mrs. Volma, Sr.) (Obit.) (Austin civil rights leader) (See BLACKS IN TEXAS)

OWENS, BURROUGH OAK (COALEY) (See BLACKS, COWBOY)

OWENS, CALVIN (Houston, TX, trumpeter) (Obit.) (See MUSIC: RHYTHM AND BLUES)

PACE, TAMMIE (See HOUSTON, TX: PEOPLE) (First Black Captain in Houston Police Department)

PAINE, ADAM (Pvt.) (See BLACKS #2)

PARIS, TX (See also RACISM)

PARKER, JOSEPH C., JR. (Rev.) (See AUSTIN, TX: PEOPLE)

PARKER, SUSAN JOHNSON (Slaton, TX)

PARKS, KATIE (See also BLACKS IN TEXAS; LUBBOCK, TX: BLACKS; TEXAS TECH: LARRY COMBEST COMMUNITY HEALTH & WELLNESS CENTER)

PARKS, ROSA

PARKS, SUZAN-LORI (Odessa, TX playwright-MacArthur genius)

PATTERSON, DAVID (GOV. NY) (See BLACKS #2)

PATTERSON, SHERON (REV. DR.) (Dallas) (See BLACKS IN TEXAS)

PATTERSON, T. J., JR. [FIRST BLACK COUNCILMAN IN LUBBOCK]

PATTERSON, T. J., JR. (See also BARACK, OBAMA; BLACKS IN TEXAS: LUBBOCK, TX: BLACK HISTORY MONTH; LUBBOCK, TX: BLACKS; LUBBOCK, TX: COMMUNITY CHAMPION AWARDS; LUBBOCK, TX: EAST LUBBOCK; LUBBOCK, TX: PATTERSON LIBRARY; LUBBOCK, TX: SOUTHWEST DIGEST)

PAUL QUINN COLLEGE (Dallas, TX)

PAYNE, ISAAC (Trumpeter) (See BLACKS #2)

PAYTON, DON (Dallas Black historian) (See BLACKS IN TEXAS)

PEARSON, DREW (NFL football player)

PENNS, ANDREW (Rev.) (Abilene, TX)

PEOPLES, C. C. (Rev.) (See SLATON, TX: PEOPLE)

PEOPLES, VIVIAN (Obit.) (See BLACKS IN TEXAS)

PEPPERS, ALISA MANNING (UT cheerleader, Urban Athletics owner) (See BLACKS IN TEXAS #2)

PERKINS, MICHAEL (Austin teacher of year 2007) (See BLACKS IN TEXAS)

PERRY, JIM "NIGGER JIM" (See BLACKS, COWBOY; photo at XIT Collection SWCPC117E2#36-37)

PETERSON, RUBEN (CAT) (1980 black mayor of Rankin, TX) (See BLACKS IN TEXAS #2)

PETERSON, TIFFANY (See LUBBOCK, TX: BLACKS)

PFEIFFER, HENRY (See LYNCHING)

Ted Phea, Jr. (?)

PHENIX, RUBY (Lubbock, TX)

PHILLIPS-BUCKNER-BARKER FAMILY (See BLACKS)

PHILLIPS, JOHN L., JR. (Judge) (Obit.) (See BLACKS #2)

PHILLIPS, SHILAH (1st black Miss Texas) (See BLACKS IN TEXAS #2)

PICKETT, BILL (See also BLACKS, COWBOY; COWBOYS)

PILLOW, BRYAN (Lubbock, TX)

PINE, A. D. (See LUBBOCK, TX: BLACKS)

PINE, EDNA MOORE (See LUBBOCK, TX: BLACKS)

PINKNEY, BILL (Singer, Drifters) (Obit.) (See BLACKS #2)

PLANTATION LIFE IN TEXAS (See BLACKS IN TEXAS)

PLUMMER, HENRY (See BLACKS #2)

POE, DANNY (Rev.) (See LUBBOCK, TX: BETHEL AME CHURCH)

POITIER, SIDNEY (See STARS FOR FREEDOM 1967)

General L. Ponder

PORTER, TRE'VANTE (See TEXAS TECH: FOOTBALL PLAYERS)

POTTARD, IRA (See BUFALO SOLDIERS)

POVERTY

POWELL, BILL (PGA golfer) (See BLACKS #2)

PRAIRIE VIEW A & M UNIVERSITY OF TEXAS

PRAIRIE VIEW CO-EDS (female jazz band) (See BLACKS IN TEXAS #2)

PRAIRIE VIEW NORMAL SCHOOL (See BLACKS IN TEXAS #2)

PRAIRIE VIEW FOOTBALL LEAGUE (See Football--High School)

PRATT, CHARLIE MAE (See LUBBOCK, TX: BETHEL A.M.E. CHURCH)

PRATT, EDDIE (Dallas, TX) (See VETERANS: WORLD WAR II)

PRICE, CYNTHIA (Arlington, TX) (See COOKING)

PRICE, FLOYD (police officer, city council member) (See also DeLEON, LINDA)

PRICE, FRANCE (Lynching) (See BLACKS)

PRIESTLY, CARLTON (Lubbock, TX)

PUBLICATION SERVICE COMPANY (Lubbock, TX, newspaper publisher)

PUTNEY, MARTHA S. (Historian) (Obit.) (See WOMEN'S ARMY CORPS [WAC]) [First Black woman in the Women's Army Corps [WAC])

QUANNELL X (See BLACKS IN TEXAS)

QUANTRILL, WILLIAM CLARKE (See QUANTRILL'S RAIDERS)

QUANTRILL'S RAIDERS (See also Newsclipping in OVERSIZE BOX #17; ANDERSON, BILL (Col.); HILL, F. M. "TUCK")

QUINCY, DODDRICH (Crosbyton, TX)

RACE (See also BLACKS IN TEXAS; CARTWRIGHT, WALTER; COOPER, MADISON, JR.; DITTBERNER, TRENA [1937]; GRIFFIN, JOHN HOWARD; HALSELL, GRACE; ALEXANDER, HOLMES; PHILLIPPEE, GERALD L. RAGAN, COOPER K.)

RACISM (See also ALEXANDER, HOLMES; ALEXANDER, JANE; AMERICAN FLAG, THE; AMERICAN FRIENDS SERVICE COMMITTEE; AMES, HARNET PAGE POTTER [Mrs.]; ARIZONA; ARNETT, DAVID N. [DICK]; ARNETT FAMILY; BANGS, TX; BEARDEN, ROBERT J. [Black Codes]; BLACKS [Bibliography on Segregation and Integration]; BROWN BERETS; BROWN, REGAN [TX Agriculture Commissioner]; CARTWRIGHT, WALTER; COBOS, EVERADO; COLFAX MASSACRE; COLORADO CITY, TX; CORTEZ, GREGORIO; COX, JAMES FRANKLIN; CRAFT, JUANITA JEWEL; DAVIS, J. D.; DAWSON, NM; DISCRIMINATION; FEAGIN, JOE; FLIPPER, HENRY OSSIAN; FORT RICHARDSON, TX; GREENVILLE, TX; HALSELL, GRACE; HAMNER, H. A.; HOLDER, ERIC; HURRICANE KATRINA; IMMIGRATION; INDIANS: RELATIONS; IOWA [Palimpsest]; JUDGES [Tom Head]; KING, MARTIN LUTHER [HOLIDAY]; KU KLUX KLAN; LAINE, D. [Author]; LAMESA, TX; LAND AND REAL ESTATE; LANGUAGE; LeVIAS, JERRY; LUBBOCK, TX: BLACKS; LUBBOCK, TX: SINGLE MEMBER DISTRICT DISCRIMINATION SUIT; MARTINEZ, LEON; MEXICO: BOUNDARY; MILLER v. TEXAS; MULESHOE, TX; MUSLIMS: TEXAS; NORTH TEXAS STATE UNIVERSITY; PARKS, KATIE; PECOS, TX [Cyril Adderly sentencing]; PENNINGTON, JOHN PARKER [JACK]; PLAN DE SAN DIEGO; PROHIBITION; SEMINOLE, TX; TEXAS: HIGHER EDUCATION; TEXAS: FORTS [Fort McKavett]; TEXAS LEGISLATURE; TILL, EMMETT; TUCKER, EVA CAMUNEZ; See also any ethnic, religious, sexual belief or gender group)

RAGSDALE, JEAN (Lubbock, TX)

RAINEY, JOSEPH H. [First Black in U. S. HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES) (See BLACKS)

RAINWATER, ALMA FAYE (Lubbock, TX) (Clippings on Cherokee, Choctaw, WTNAA)

RAINWATER, BERTHA (Lubbock, TX)

RAINWATER, EDWARD (Lubbock, TX) (Obit.)

RAMEY, GENE (See JAZZ)

RANKIN, TX (See also BLACKS IN TEXAS)

RANSOM, RILEY A. (M.D.) (See FORT WORTH, TX: PEOPLE)

RANSOM, WILLIE MAE (Amarillo, TX, centenarian)

RAULLERSON, CALVIN A. (TTU ICASALS)

RAY, EUGENE (TEXAS) (Lubbock, TX, musician)

RAYFORD, EMMA (See LUBBOCK, TX: EAST LUBBOCK)

RECONSTRUCTION (See also BECK, JAMES B.; DAVIS, E. J.; FORT RICHARDSON, TX; LATHAM, J. M.; See also BECK, JAMES B. Microfilm B393R; PEASE, ELISHA MARSHALL Microfilm P363 for Congressional Record report of May 11, 1868; PHILLIPS, EDWIN D. Microfilm P558 for Texas and Its Late Military Occupation)

RECONSTRUCTION CONVENTION

RECONSTRUCTION LEAGUE

RED RIVER WAR

REDIC, JOHN (REV.) (El Paso 2nd Baptist) (See BLACKS IN TEXAS #2)

REED, CORDELL (See BLACKS)

Rev. M. T. Reed

REEVES, BASS (OK lawman) (See BLACKS, COWBOY; OKLAHOMA HISTORY [Keokuk Falls])

REIERSON, ALBERT S. (Black dialect stories)

RELIGIOUS PERSECUTION (See RACISM; DISCRIMINATION)

REMEMBER WHEN (Book) (See LUBBOCK, TX: BLACKS)

RICE, CONDOLEEZZA

RICHARDSON, ANGELA (R.N.) (Lubbock, TX)

RICHARDSON, DALE AND LA CARL (See BLACKS, COWBOY)

RICHARDSON, EDDIE P. (See also LUBBOCK, TX: EDDIE RICHARDSON CENTER; LUBBOCK, TX: JUNETEENTH; LUBBOCK, TX: LUBBOCK ISD; LUBBOCK, TX: SOUTHWEST DIGEST)

RICHARDSON, NOLAN (El Paso, TX, WNBA coach)

RICHARDSON/THOMAS FAMILY REUNION (Pflugerville, TX)

RILLIEUX, NORBERT (See BLACKS)

RISTER, CARL COKE (author, historian)

RITCHIE, E. B. (Blacks, slaves at Palo Pinto County)

ROBERTS, LOUIS W. (See BLACKS)

ROBERTS, R. P. (Professor) (See BLACKS IN TEXAS)

ROBERTS, ROY W. (Dunbar H.S. band dir.) (See also LUBBOCK, TX: LUBBOCK ISD)

ROBERTS-BURNS, DOROTHY (City councilor) (See WICHITA FALLS, TX: PEOPLE)

ROBINSON, JACKIE (See BLACKS #1)

ROOTSEARCHING (GENEALOGY) (See BLACKS IN TEXAS; CHILDS, MARLETA)

ROOTS HISTORICAL ARTS COUNCIL (See BLACK COWBOYS; LUBBOCK, TX: ROOTS HISTORICAL ARTS COUNCIL [LRHAC])

ROOTS MUSIC PROGRAM

ROQUEMORE, EUGENE (Lubbock, TX, photographer)

ROSENWALD, JULIUS (School donor) (See BLACKS #2)

ROSS, LaKEISHA NICOLE

ROYAL, CLAUDIE & LULA (See ABILENE, TX: PEOPLE)

RUSSELL, BURA, JR. (YOGI) (Lubbock, TX)

RUSTIN, BAYARD (Civil rights leader) (See BLACKS #2)

RWANDANS IN TEXAS (See ABILENE, TX: PEOPLE)

RYDOLPH, PETE (Victoria, TX, rancher) (See JOHNSON, VIRGIL [Mrs.] Microfilm Collection)

SAINT JOHN COLONY, TX (Caldwell County)

SAMPLE, ALBERT RACE (TX author) (See LAW ENFORCEMENT)

SAMPSON, JIMMY (Lubbock, TX, drummer) (See MUSIC: RHYTHM AND BLUES [Element])

SAN ANGELO, TX (See also BLACKS IN TEXAS; BRYANT, M. D.; CHADBOURNE, THEODORE LINCOLN [Lt.]; COLLARD, MARTHA; DROUGHT; FARR, LOUIS L.; GUERRERO, SALVADOR; HANSFORD COUNTY, TX; LACKEY, LUCY; LANDON, JAMES CUAGHEY; MASSIE, ROBERT; MERTZ, MORTIMER; MERTZ, RICHARD; MUSEUM OF FINE ARTS; NORTH CONCHO LAKE; OLIVE COLLECTION; OZONA, TX; TANKERSLEY, RICHARD FRANKLIN; WEST TEXAS UTILITIES COMPANY)

SAN ANTONIO, TX: BLACKS (See BLACKS IN TEXAS; SAN ANTONIO, TX: PEOPLE)

SAN ANTONIO, TX: PUBLIC LIBRARY [Funeral Program Collection]

SANDERS, DE'SHON (See TEXAS TECH: FOOTBALL PLAYERS)

SANDERS, DEION (football)

SANDLE, TIMOTHY H. (Rev.) (See BLACKS IN TEXAS)

SANDLOT PLAYER (See LUBBOCK, TX: EAST LUBBOCK)

SANDS, HARRIET NEWELL (See BLACKS IN TEXAS)

SANDSTROM DAVID H. (Rev.) (See BLACKS)

SANKOFA (See TEXAS TECH: BLACK HISTORY MONTH)

SAUNDERS, CHARLES E. (Lubbock, TX)

SAWYER, GRANVILLE (See BLACKS IN TEXAS)

SAYLES, EDITH (See TEXAS TECH: RACISM)

SCHMEDLEY, DAVID (See also TEXAS TECH: DISCRIMINATION)

SCHOMBERG, ARTHUR A. (See BLACKS #2)

SCHUNKE, NANCY (See LUBBOCK, TX: DUNBAR MIDDLE SCHOOL)

SCIENCE AND ENERGY TECHNOLOGY, BLACK CONTRIBUTORS TO (See BLACKS #2)

SCOTT, CLARA LILLIAN JOHNSON (Lubbock, TX)

SCOTT, DRED (See also SLAVERY)

SCOTT, EDWIN, Sr. (Rev. & Mrs.) (Lubbock, TX)

SCOTT, GEORGE C., JR. (Lubbock, TX, principal. NAACP chair, TTU admin.) (See Microfilm S426 for Scrapbook 1944-1979; See also LUBBOCK, TX: DUNBAR HIGH SCHOOL; LUBBOCK, TX: LUBBOCK INDEPENDENT SCHOOL DISTRICT; See also Oklahoma Monthly May 1981)

SCOTT, GEORGE, SR. (Muskogee, OK)

SCOTT, GRACE (Slaton, TX)

SCOTT, STEWARD S. (Rev.) (Lubbock, TX, centenarian) (Obit.)

SEARCY, CLAYTIE ODESSA (REV. DR.) (Dallas) (See BLACKS IN TEXAS)

SEDBERRY, ALMO (See also LUBBOCK, TX: LUBBOCK BLACK HUBBERS)

SEDBERRY, CHARLES (See also SEDBERRY FAMILY)

SEDBERRY FAMILY

SEDBERRY, WILL "PAPA" (See LUBBOCK, TX: BLACKS; SEDBERRY FAMILY)

SEDBERRY, WILLIAM (Mrs.) (See also SEDBERRY FAMILY)

SEGREGATION (See also BLACKS IN TEXAS; INTEGRATION; JOHNSON, THOMAS, PAPERS [LAWSUITS])

SEMINOLE INDIANS (See also BLACK SEMINOLES; ALLIES OF THE SEMINOLES)

SHAFTER, WILLIAM H. (Gen.) (24th Infantry buffalo soldiers)

SHARPE, JESSE (Riverdale, MD, poet)

SHAW, ARTHUR (Golf) (See BLACKS IN TEXAS)

SHAW, THOMAS (Sgt.) (See BLACKS #2)

SHEFFIELD, LENA MAE (Lubbock, TX, educator)

SHEPARD, MCKINLEY (Lubbock, TX, J. P.) (Obit.)

SHERMAN, TX (See also BLACKS IN TEXAS #2)

SHIELDS, BEN (Lubbock, TX, barber)

SIMMONS, MAE (MRS.) (Lubbock, TX, educator)

SIMPSON, O. J. (See BLACKS)

SIMPSON, TOMMY JOE (Lubbock, TX, gospel singer)

SINCLAIR, MADGE (Actress) (See LUBBOCK, TX: JUNETEENTH)

SIRE, JOE (Goodnight cowboy) (See GOODNIGHT, CHARLES v. U.S.)

SISNETT, ANA (TX activist-author) (Obit.) (See BLACKS #1)

SIWATU, KAMAU OGINGA (Dr.) (See TEXAS TECH: BLACK HISTORY MONTH)

SLATON, TX (See also BLACKS IN TEXAS)

SLAUGHTER, DUSTY "RyZe" (See LUBBOCK, TX: RAP MUSIC)

SLAVERY (See also ABOLITION; AMES, HARNET PAGE POTTER [Mrs.]; ARKANSAS; AUSTIN, STEPHEN F.; BATTLE OF BUSHY CREEK; BAYLOR, ROBERT E. BLEDSOE; BEARDEN, ROBERT J.; BLACKS; BLACKS IN TEXAS; BOLEY, OK; BOWIE, JAMES (JIM]; BOYD, JOSEPHENE DELASHAW; CABEZA DE VACA, ALVAR NUNEZ [Esteban]; CHEROKEE INDIANS; CIVIL WAR; CLARK FAMILY GENEALOGY; CONFEDERATE STATES OF AMERICA; COX, JUDY Y’VONNE; DILLON, MERTON LYNN; EASLEY, SARAH JANE CLIETT; ENGLISH FAMILY; FAIRLEY, JERRY [Alexander Stephens]; FALLS COUNTY, TX; FANNIN COUNTY, TX; FANNIN, J. W., JR.; FARNHAM FAMILY; FREMONT, JOHN C.; GRIFFIN, GEORGE, III [TTU thesis]; HAMILTON, ROBERT; HILL, MARY G.; HULING FAMILY; IMMIGRATION; IMMIGRATION: TEXAS; JUNETEENTH; KIMBELL, THOMAS M., FAMILY; KNIGHTS OF THE GOLDEN CIRCLE; LABADIE, NICHOLAS D.; LEWIS AND CLARK EXPEDITION; LITTLEFIELD, GEORGE WASHINGTON; LOVEJOY, ELIJAH P.; MARTIN, JAMES A.; MISSIONS and related files; OKLAHOMA HISTORY [Maritime disaster]; PARKER, D. R.; PENDLETON, ALFRED M. [Acco Press]; ROGERS, TOM [Missouri Compromise]; ROMERO, ROSARIO; SCOTT, DRED; SEMINOLE INDIANS; SIKES, FRANK D. [Thirteenth Amendment]; TEXAS: CIVIL WAR; ULSTER COUNTY GAZETTE; WISWALL, AUSTIN; See also BUGBEE, LESTER G. Microfilm B931 for Slavery in Early Texas; DIETRICH, NANCY LOVE Papers; GUY, CHARLES [Bill of Sale]; HOWARD, WILLIAM E. Collection 1814-1892 [Prices & transfers]; KIMBELL FAMILY Papers 1792-1970; KER, HENRY Microfilm K39 for Travels through the Western U.S., 1816; RICHARDSON, CHARLES BRUCE Microfilm R521 for diary 1853-1880 and memoir from 1827; SPENCE FAMILY; STAFFORD, B. S. Microfilm S779 for memoir; Oversize folder 18A)

SMART-WILLIAMS FAMILY REUNION (Lubbock, TX)

SMILEY, JOSH & ZAL (See PLAINVIEW, TX: PEOPLE)

SMITH, AMERICUS LEE (Lubbock, TX)

SMITH, ANTONIO MACEO (Dallas, TX, insurance exec.) (See NAACP)

SMITH, CHARLIE (NIGGER CHARLIE) (Crowell, TX, 6666 Ranch hand) (See BURNETT, SAMUEL BURK; HUMPHREYS, GEORGE)

SMITH, JOHN CARLSON, SR. (Obit.) (See VETERANS: KOREAN WAR)

SMITH, LOVIE (NFL Bears coach) (See BLACKS)

SNOW, SAMUEL (Leesburg, FL) (See VETERANS: WORLD WAR II)

SOLDIER'S WATERHOLE

SORRELL, MICHAEL J. (President) (See PAUL QUINN COLLEGE)

SOUTHERN CHRISTIAN LEADERSHIP CONFERENCE (SCLC) (Souvenir program from 1967 Stars For Freedom fundraising tour) (See BLACKS #1)

SPEARMAN, LEONARD (TX Southern U. Pres.) (Obit.) (See HOUSTON, TX: PEOPLE)

SPENCER, DAN (TTU) (See also LUBBOCK, TX: BLACKS; TEXAS TECH: BASEBALL)

SPRINGS, RON (Running back) (Obit.) (See DALLAS, TX: DALLAS COWBOYS)

STANCE, EMANUEL (Sgt.) (See BLACKS #2)

STANDLEY, LARRY (Judge) (See RACISM)

STANLEY, KATHRYN M. TURRENTINE (See BLACKS)

"STARS FOR FREEDOM 1967" PAMPHLET (See BLACKS #1)

STATE TEACHERS ASSOCIATION (See BLACKS IN TEXAS)

STERLING, DOROTHY (NY children’s writer) (See AUTHORS)

STERLING CITY, TX (See also BLACKS IN TEXAS #2)

STERLING CITY, TX: STERLING COUNTY NEWS-RECORD (See also BLACKS IN TEXAS #2)

STEVENSON, ERNEST (Lubbock, TX)

STEWART, PAUL (Denver, CO, curator) (See also COWBOYS, BLACK)

STILLWELL, LEONA (Obit.) (See LUBBOCK, TX: BLACKS; TEXAS TECH: STAFF)

STOKES, CARL (Cleveland OH mayor) (See BLACKS #1)

STOKES, NATHAN (Slave) (See LITTLEFIELD, GEORGE WASHINGTON)

STOKES, RUFUS (See BLACKS)

STOKLEY, HARRY, JR. (Obit.) (See LUBBOCK, TX: BLACKS)

STRAIN, MAHALA (See BLACKS IN TEXAS)

STRANGE FRUIT PROJECT (Band)

STRONG, ERIC (See also BLACKS, COWBOYS; BLACKS IN TEXAS #2; LUBBOCK, TX: BLACKS; LUBBOCK, TX: EAST LUBBOCK)

STRUGGS, EDWARD CECIL (PROF) (Dunbar H. S. principal) (See also LUBBOCK, TX: PEOPLE)

STRUGGS, LILLIAN C. PORTER (Mrs. E. C.) (Lubbock, TX, teacher)

STUBBLEFIELD, C. B. "STUBBS" (See also LUBBOCK, TX: LUBBOCK ARTS ALLIANCE)

STUBBS JAM (See LUBBOCK, TX: LUBBOCK ARTS ALLIANCE)

STUBBS PARK, LUBBOCK, TX

SUTTON, ALEXANDER CARVER "A. C." (REV.) (San Antonio NAACP) (See BLACKS IN TEXAS #2)

SWOOPES, SHERYL (See also LUBBOCK, TX: LUBBOCK HAWKS; TEXAS TECH: BASKETBALL [WOMEN'S])

TABERNACLE BAPTIST CHURCH

TALON, DARSHOEL WILLIS (Obit.) (See TEXAS REPUBLICAN PARTY)

TATUM, WILBERT (Publisher NY) (Obit) (See BLACKS#1)

TAYLOR, ANNIE (1st black Wayland student 1951) (See BLACKS IN TEXAS #2)

TAYLOR, DARREN (Obit.) (LA gang peace) (See BLACKS #2)

TAYLOR, KOKO (Obit.) (See MUSIC: RHYTHM AND BLUES)

TAYLOR, LARRY (Dallas, TX) (See POLITICS: TEXAS)

TAYLOR, LAWNIE (See BLACKS)

TAYLOR, REGINA (Dallas, TX) (See PLAYWRIGHTS)

TAYLOR, ROY LEE (See LUBBOCK, TX: BLACKS)

TAYLOR, WAYNE (1ST BLACK POSTMAN IN LUBBOCK, PHOTOGRAPHER) (See LUBBOCK, TX: BLACKS)

TEMPLE, FRANK M. (10th Cavalry buffalo soldiers)

TENISON, ARTEMUS WARD, IV (Lubbock, TX)

TERRELL, L. D. & DOROTHY (Crosbyton, TX)

TERRELL, L. E. (See BLACKS IN TEXAS)

TEXAS AFRICAN AMERICAN HERITAGE ORGANIZATION, INC.

TEXAS CIVIL LIBERTIES UNION

TEXAS CIVIL RIGHTS PROJECT

TEXAS COALITION AGAINST THE DEATH PENALTY

TEXAS COMMISSION ON HUMAN RIGHTS

TEXAS COMMITTEE FOR THE HUMANITIES AND PUBLIC POLICY

TEXAS DEMOGRAPHICS (See TEXAS POPULATION; BLACKS IN TEXAS #2)

TEXAS FREEMAN (newspaper 1893-1931) (See BLACKS IN TEXAS)

TEXAS: KU KLUX KLAN (See KU KLUX KLAN IN TEXAS)

TEXAS POPULATION (See also BLACKS IN TEXAS #2)

TEXAS REVOLUTION (See also BLACKS IN TEXAS #2; GOLIAD CAMPAIGN)

TEXAS SOCIETY TO ABOLISH CAPITAL PUNISHMENT

THOMAS, DANA L. (Lubbock, TX)

THOMAS DUANE JULIUS (Del Mar, CA) (See also DALLAS, TX: DALLAS COWBOYS)

Marjorie Thomas

THOMAS, ROY LEE

THOMAS, SAMUEL (Lubbock, TX)

THOMAS, TIM

THOMAS, WILLIE, JR. (BIG BO) (Dallas, TX, saxophonist) (Obit.) (See MUSIC: RHYTHM AND BLUES)

THOMPSON, E. N. (Rev.) (See BLACKS IN TEXAS)

THOMPSON, JAMES E. (Lubbock, TX)

THOMPSON, NED W. (Bell County, TX, slave-fiddler)

THOMPSON, OSCAR L. (1st UT Black graduate) (See BLACKS IN TEXAS)

TILL, EMMETT (See also LYNCHING)

TILLMAN, BYRON (R.N.)

TINNELL, BETTIE (See LUBBOCK, TX: EAST LUBBOCK)

TINNELL, KENDRICK (See LUBBOCK, TX: EAST LUBBOCK)

TINNELL, MARCUS (See LUBBOCK, TX: EAST LUBBOCK)

TINNELL, WILLIE (See LUBBOCK, TX: EAST LUBBOCK)

TITTLE, Alice (Karnack, TX, nursemaid to Lady Bird ) (See JOHNSON, LADY BIRD)

TOLER, BURL (First African-American NFL official) (Obit.) (See BLACKS #1)

TOLIVER, JANNIE (Lubbock, TX)

TOLSON, ARTHUR L. (Dr.) (OK historian) (See also BLACKS #1)

TOLSON, M. B.

TRAMMEL, JOHN (See BLACKS #2)

TRAVENIA, RUBY (Rev.) (Lubbock, TX)

TRICE, VIRGIL (See BLACKS)

TUBBS JONES, STEPHANIE (Obit.) (See BLACKS)

TUCKER, HAGAR (First black police officer) (See FORT WORTH, TX: EARLY HISTORY)

TUCKER, MARY ELLA (See LUBBOCK, TX: BETHEL A.M.E. CHURCH)

TULIA, TX (See also CANYON, TX; CARTER, BRAD; DAY, F. T. [Mrs.]; DAY, LOUISE F. [Mrs.])

TULIA, TX: DRUG BUST (See also CARTER, BRAD; COLEMAN, THOMAS R.)

TULSA, OK (1921 race riots and lynching)

TURNER, CARL (Golf) (See BLACKS IN TEXAS)

TURNER, CLARA (Lubbock, TX)

TURNER, JERRY WAYNE, JR. (JAY) (Carrollton-Farmer’s Branch, TX)

TURNER, KENDRICK (Lubbock, TX)

TURNER, UNCLE JOHN (Obit.) (See MUSIC: RHYTHM AND BLUES)

TUSKEGEE AIRMEN (See BLACKS #1; BLACKS #2; BLACKS IN TEXAS; VETERANS--WORLD WAR II)

TYLER, CHARLEY (See BLACKS, COWBOY)

UNDERGROUND RAILROAD (See HILL, MARY G.; SLAVERY)

U. S. CONGRESS, DISTRICT 19: RACE AND ELECTION (2003)

UPSHAW, EUGENE THURMAN, JR. (Obit.) (See FOOTBALL)

UPSHAW FAMILY (See BLACKS IN TEXAS)

UPSHAW, GENE (Coach)

UZZEL, BOB (Rev. Dr.) (See ENNIS, TX)

VARNER-HOGG PLANTATION STATE HISTORICAL PARK (See also BLACKS IN TEXAS #2)

VAUGHN, ALVA L. (Lubbock, TX)

VIDOR, TX

VIGILANTEES

WACO, TX: LYNCHING OF JESS WASHINGTON (See BLACKS IN TEXAS)

WADDY, RUTH G. (Author) (See BLACKS)

WALKER, LeROY T. (Olympics coach) (See TRACK AND FIELD)

WALKER, LUBIRDA (See LUBBOCK, TX: BETHEL AME CHURCH)

WALLACE, DANIEL WEBSTER "D. W." (80 JOHN) (See also BLACKS #1; BLACKS, COWBOY; BLACKS IN TEXAS #2; TEXAS TECH; NRHC)

WALLACE, ERNEST (Historian, Red River War)

WALLER, CALVIN H. (Extension agent) (See BLACKS IN TEXAS)

WALLS, LENA BELL BENNETT (See LUBBOCK, TX: BETHEL AME CHURCH)

WALSER, JOHN (See RACISM)

WARD, JOHN (Sgt.) (See BLACKS #2)

Michael Ward, M.D.

WASHINGTON, CRAIG (Attorney) (See HOUSTON, TX: PEOPLE)

WASHINGTON, CRAIG (See LUBBOCK, TX: JUNETEENTH)

WASHINGTON, JESSE (Waco lynch victim) (See BLACKS IN TEXAS #2)

WASHINGTON, JOHNNIE (REV.) (See BLACKS IN TEXAS #2)

WATKINS, CRAIG (Dallas County, TX, DA) (See also DEATH PENALTY: TEXAS)

WATKINS, JAMES C. (See also TEXAS TECH: FULBRIGHT SCHOLARS)

WATKINS, THEODORE THOMAS "TED" (Obit.) (Dallas NAACP) (See BLACKS IN TEXAS)

WATSON, WILLIAM H. (See LUBBOCK, TX: CHURCH OF GOD IN CHRIST)

WELLS, FRANK (Rev.) (See HOBBS, NM)

WEST TEXAS BLACK GOLD PROFESSIONAL BULL RIDERS (See RODEOS)

WEST TEXAS COLORED LEAGUE (Baseball) (See COOPER, A. L.; CRAFT, JERRY; GOODWYN, DEACON WELVIN; FORTIN, JOE; GRZYWACZ, STAN; HASSE, WARREN; MIDDLETON, WAYNE [LEFTY]; O'NEIL, JOHN JORDAN [BUCK]; PALMER, I. B.; SULLIVAN, JACKIE; TAYLOR, JAY)

WEST TEXAS PUBLISHER

WHITE, WARD ALLEN, III (See SAN ANTONIO, TX: PEOPLE)

WHITAKER, FOREST (See ENTERTAINERS: TEXAS)

Barbara White

Quincy White

WHITFIELD, FRED (champion roper) (See BLACKS, COWBOY)

WHITFIELD, PAUL (See BLACKS, COWBOY)

WILEY COLLEGE (See MARSHALL, TX)

WILKINS, J. ERNEST (See BLACKS)

WILKINS, ROY (NAACP) (See BLACKS #2)

WILLIAMS, LEON (See KWANZAA)

WILLIAMS, MAURICE (Golf) (See BLACKS IN TEXAS)

WILLIAMS, MICHAEL (First black elected statewide official) (See ARLINGTON, TX: PEOPLE; TEXAS RAILROAD COMMISSION)

WILLIAMS, MILTON "PETER RABBIT" (See BLACKS IN TEXAS)

WILLIAMS, O. S. "OZZIE" (See BLACKS)

WILLIAMS, STANLEY "TOOKIE" (LA CA Crips founder) (See BLACKS)

WILLIS, ANDERSON (Ex-slave) (See FREESTONE COUNTY, TX)

WILSON, A. W. (Rev.) (See LUBBOCK, TX: BLACKS)

WILSON, ALBERT (See ABILENE, TX: PEOPLE)

WILSON, HIRAM (Salt Creek pottery) (See BLACKS IN TEXAS)

WILSON, J. M. (See BLACKS IN TEXAS)

WILSON, M. ROY (DR.) (See also BLACKS IN TEXAS)

WILSON, MANTON J. (See ABILENE, TX: PEOPLE; BLACKS IN TEXAS)

WILSON, MARGARET (Obit.) (NAACP) (See BLACKS #2)

WILSON, MARY JO (Teacher) (See also LUBBOCK, TX: BLACKS; MUSIC: GOSPEL; MUSIC: RHYTHM AND BLUES)

WILSON, NORL (San Angelo, TX) (See VETERANS: WORLD WAR II)

WILSON, RAY (Washington, D.C.) (See PHOTOGRAPHERS)

WILSON, RAY FLOYD (UT integrator) (See BLACKS IN TEXAS #2)

WILSON, ROSE (See also LUBBOCK, TX: BLACKS; LUBBOCK, TX: PEOPLE; SOUTH PLAINS ASSOCIATION OF GOVERNMENTS; See also photos at SWCPC 787 E1 [1970s-1990s])

WILSON, ROSIE LEE (See LUBBOCK, TX: BETHEL A.M.E. CHURCH)

WILSON, WILLIAM O. (Cpl.) (See BLACKS #2)

WILSON-KEYS, ORA JEAN (Obit) (See LUBBOCK, TX: BLACKS)

WILSONAIRES (Singers) (See LUBBOCK, TX: BETHEL A. M. E. CHURCH)

WINEGARTEN, RUTHE (Author) (See BLACKS IN TEXAS)

WISWALL, AUSTIN

Wolfe, Florida J. (El Paso rancher)

WOODRUFF, JOHN (Olympian) (Obit.) (See BLACKS #2)

WOODS, ABRAHAM (REV.) (Civil rights AL) (See BLACKS #1)

WOODS, ED (Obit) (See MUSIC: RAP)

Edwina Woods (Carver Hts Nursery)

WOODS, FLORENCE (Lamesa, TX, teacher) (See DAWSON COUNTY, TX)

WOODS, GEORGE (See also LUBBOCK, TX: BLACKS; LUBBOCK, TX: JUNETEENTH)

WOODS, GRANVILLE (See BLACKS)

WOODS-HOLMES, VERNITA (See also LUBBOCK, TX: LUBBOCK INDEPENDENT SCHOOL DISTRICT)

WOODSON, JIM (Godnight cowboy) (See GOODNIGHT, CHARLES v. U.S.)

WRIGHT, GEORGE C. (UT history prof.) (See BLACKS IN TEXAS #2)

WRIGHT, SARAH E. (Maryland novelist) (See AUTHORS)

WYATT, TOMMY (Austin publisher) (See BLACKS #1)

YEARWOOD, R. J. (REGGIE) (First black county sheriff) (See ECTOR COUNTY, TX)

YOUNG, LEE ROY, JR. (First black Texas Ranger) (See LAW ENFORCEMENT)

YOUNG, MARGARET B. (Author, Urban League) (See BLACKS #2)

YOUNG, ELSIE CILL (See LUBBOCK, TX: BETHEL A.M.E. CHURCH; LUBBOCK, TX: EAST LUBBOCK)

YOUNG-WALLACE, ANGELA (M.D.) (See BLACKS IN TEXAS)

ZACHERY FAMILY (See MIDLAND, TX: PEOPLE)

ZION (Band) (See MUSIC: REGGAE)

Newspapers

SWC/SCL is a leading repository for regional newspapers and journals, including those serving the communities where substantial populations of African-Americans lived, including most issues of the pioneer Manhattan Heights Times and the West Texas Digest since September 1977. Inquire at the Reference Desk about the partial index begun by our library staff.

 

     
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