Woods, Harlie Dalton 1958, 1968, 1969, 1972, 1982

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H. D. Woods, former Lubbock mayor, describes his early life and background, his civic and political activities and philosophy, and recollections of Abilene, Hico and Ranger, Texas.

General Interview Information

Interviewee Name: Harlie Dalton Woods

Additional Parties Recorded: None

Date: June 5, 1958; February 20, March 22 and 29, 1968; April 1, 1969; July 6, 1972; April 2, 1982

Location: Lubbock, Texas

Interviewer: Jean A. Paul, Jimmy M. Skaggs, Robert Foster, and David Murrah

Length: 9 hours 30 minutes


Abstract

Tape 1, Side 1: Noteworthy events in Lubbock (1923), Establishment of Texas Tech, Leading civic figures since 1923, Councilmen during mayor’s term (1928-30), Orderly growth of city of Lubbock, Zoning commission (1928), Increase in property evaluation, Texas Tech’s influence on Lubbock’s growth, Civic paving projects.

Tape 1, Side 2: Automobiles in Lubbock, Health of Lubbock and surrounding area, Problems of public administration (1928), Paving assessments, Municipal Airport site chosen, Law enforcement, Welfare organizations, Lubbock on the brink of Great Depression, Local bankers organize to prevent panic and run on the banks, CCC camps in Mackenzie Park area, First parks and recreation board of Lubbock, "Depression wanderers"—transient population, Public recreation spots, Member of Tech faculty plats city parks, Motion picture houses, Lubbock hotels (1923), Clark Smith and his Lubbock Inn, Opening of Hilton Hotel, Hotels used as meeting places for local organizations.

Tape 2, Side 1: Construction and building materials, Well-to-do sections of Lubbock, Railroad and Yellow House Canyon impede Lubbock’s northward growth, Construction of railroad underpasses, Lubbock’s business houses (1923), Fires in frame business houses, Climactic changes in Lubbock and surrounding area, Soil and water conservation, Few lightning rod sales in Lubbock, Insurance agencies and their activities.

Tape 2, Side 2: Windmills Municipal wells, Windmill and cannon landmarks on courthouse square, Paving streets with bricks, Early plans for landscaping Broadway, Early bus lines and bus service, Religious expansion and growth, Telephone service, First radio in Lubbock, Chautauqua Circuit, Public lectures, Literary societies in 1923 and after, Lubbock theaters and movie houses.

Tape 3, Side 1: Biographical material, Early Hico, Location, Growth, Local farms, School building, Location, Business section description, Flour mill, Weiser family, School system, Grades and teachers, Church influence, Revivals, Evangelists, Singing conventions, Shape notes, Number of saloons, Description, "Dry" forces, Oil mill, Irrigation, List of residents, Baseball participation, Major John Rodgers, List of residents (again), Veterans.

Tape 3, Side 2: Hamilton, Hico, Minority groups, German settlements, List of doctors, Town character, Present population, Biographical material, Abilene (1902), Population, Colleges, Locations, General comments, Biographical material (again), Southwestern University (1909), Instructors, Enrollment, Columbia University (1913), Instructors, J. Frank Dobie, New York City impressions, Tom Rainey, Short biography, University of Wisconsin.

Tape 4, Side 1: Autobiographical material, Military experiences, France (1917), Route to France, Duty stations, Armistice, Service in White Russian Army, Return to U. S. A., Cleveland, Texas, Ranger, Texas, Oil boom conditions, Churches, Saloons, Gambling.

Tape 4, Side 2: Lubbock (1923), Population, Board of City Development (Chamber of Commerce), Tax support, Chamber of Commerce, History, Texas Tech, Establishment, Opening enrollment, Bank difficulties, Mayor (1928), Accomplishments of government, Personal organization affiliations, Biography of family members, Acquaintances, Hilton Hotel, School system (1923), Superintendent of Schools, High school location, Listing of superintendents.

Tape 5, Side 1: Federal funds for education.

Tape 5, Side 2: Blank

Tape 6, Side 1: Black population, Mackenzie Park, Boundaries, Property purchased from blacks, Playgrounds, Well discovery, Park purchases, Park planning, Black population (1923), Black churches, Black old timers—listing, Hot dog business, Race relations, Depression, Civil rights—local, Schools, Black voting, Plainview anti-Negro Association, Ku Klux Klan, Franklin D. Roosevelt and civil rights, Southern vs. Northern blacks, Disturbance incident, Black policeman, Max Coleman, lawyer, Real estate, Gun incident, Buying lots and houses, Types of housing, Campus disorders, Killing of black.

Tape 6, Side 2: Uncle’s maid, Percentage of "good" blacks, Restricted black housing, Wheelock addition, Buses, Black school, Social segregation, Black idiom, Depression conditions, Salary reduction, Coupons, WPA and CCC, Care for needy, Black living conditions, Depression’s end, Home demonstration agent, Participation.

Tape 7, Side 1: Born in Dublin, Texas (1891), Father employed by Higginbotham Company, Higginbotham business enterprises listed, Recalls family’s move from Dublin to Abilene (1902), Heirloom piano caused moving problem, Abilene in 1902 described, More a typical West Texas town today than Lubbock, Commends easygoing attitude of West Texas, Families took care of elderly people in early days, Great-grandfather James Farmer’s land grants in Comanche County result of service in Army of the Republic of Texas Father operated Woods Mercantile in Abilene, Education received, Taught school until World War I, Army service during World War I, Continuation of teaching after war, Became principal of Ranger High School (1920), Taught at West Texas State (summer, 1923), Moved to Lubbock and entered insurance business (1923), Taught at Texas Tech for 18 months during World War II.

Tape 7, Side 2: Discusses education at Columbia University, Master’s thesis directed by Dr. James Harvey Robinson, Criticism of Columbia for being too liberal, Appointed to Lubbock Board of City Development (1926), Reasons for Lubbock’s growth, Lubbock Chamber of Commerce mentioned, Recalls A. B. Davis, President, Explains development of Lubbock parks, Names other activities of Board of City Development in the 1920s, Mayor of Lubbock during the Depression.

Tape 8, Side 1: Describes Lubbock during the Depression, Weather on the plains discussed, Remembers Monroe and Mollie Abernathy, Recalls other outstanding citizens of Lubbock (1920s), Dr. Clifford B. Jones characterized, Morton J. Smith mentioned, Discusses growth of Texas Tech, Mill at Post, Texas, described, Relates Cleveland man’s impressions of Lubbock, Employed at Southwestern Public Service as Commercial Manager (1931-1938), Reasons for not retiring, Children listed, Lack of freeways in Lubbock questioned, Explains problems of city planning.

Tape 8, Side 2: Blank

Tape 9, Side 1: Reason for move to Ranger, Texas, Teaching profession, Superintendent, Ku Klux Klan, Oil town, School system, Attraction, Football team, Students, Civic clubs, Gambling, Prostitution, School, Description, Problem students, Banks, Junior college, People.

Tape 9, Side 2: Well-supported schools, Ku Klux Klan, Gambling, Presbyterian church, Ellen Cruley, Bank shut-down (June 1921), Money loss, Note, Hico, Texas, School, Population, Hamilton, Texas, Maxwell Company General Store, College, Ranger businesses, Banks, Drug store, Clothing store, Grocery store.

Range Dates: 1891-1982

Bulk Dates: 1902-1940


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